by Dennis Bernstein
Journalists, human rights officials, international aid workers, and many doctors and field medics, including high officials of the Red Cross and the U.N., have accused the Israelis of using white phosphorus illegally against civilian populations, as well as other advanced weaponry. They have repeatedly witnessed burns on civilians, including women and children, consistent with the use of white phosphorous.
Meanwhile, internationally respected legal scholar and U.N. Special Reporter on Human Rights in Occupied Palestine Richard Falk stated in a recent interview that Israel has potentially committed a new kind of war crime, by making it impossible for endangered civilians to flee a war zone. Israel “has basically locked the population into this war zone and, as far as I know, that hasn’t really happened before in such a systematic way and it probably should be considered a new kind of war crime,” said Falk.
On Jan. 15, Israeli forces bombed several hospitals and a U.N. compound. As many as 500 people were sheltering in the Al-Quds Hospital in the city’s southwestern Tal Al-Hawa district when it was bombed multiple times by Israel and set on fire.
A hospital spokesman said the fire was sparked by phosphorus shells. “We have been able to control the fire in the hospital,” a spokesman told reporters, “but not in the administrative building. We hope that the flames don’t spread again to the wings of the hospital.”
Sharon Lock is an independent journalist and human rights activist from Australia. For the past two weeks, Lock has been riding in a Red Crescent ambulance in Gaza, documenting attacks on medics and ambulances as they try to reach hundreds of victims of the bombings, cut down in the streets fleeing or caught under the rubble of hundreds of destroyed buildings. According to Lock, who was in Al-Quds Hospital when it was struck multiple times, 80 percent of the calls for help have gone unanswered, because Israeli forces “attack the medics” when they try and retrieve the wounded and the dead, “even after they have been given permission to move in.”
In an interview on Jan. 16, Lock described the attack on the hospital, located in a densely populated part of Gaza City, one of three medical centers bombed by Israel in a single day. “During the night we had quite a lot of attacks, about 50 strikes people counted in our immediate area, ” she told me, “and about four or five had actually hit our building.
“The two that did involve major damage happened in the morning,” she said. “One was a rocket that went through the wall of the hospital into the pharmacy building, and we retrieved the rocket shell. The other went through the roof of the social center, which was a part of the hospital complex, and that started the fire on the roof which the medics were fighting.
“We did manage to put it out eventually but it was quite difficult. And then, actually, we were only in the middle of getting the last bits of the fire out, when we heard shouting from upstairs and went up to the main steps and I saw my medical colleague covered in blood. He said that he’d just picked up a little girl who was part of a family fleeing their house and who had come to the hospital to take shelter. He heard screaming and had gone out and saw she had been shot by a sniper and had gunshot wounds to her face and also to her abdomen, and so he swept her off and brought her in for surgery. ”
Later the central building at Al-Quds was bombed and also set ablaze, and Lock and other medical staff had to walk hundreds of Palestinians who had fled to the hospital for safety through the darkened streets to another location, in front of Israeli snipers who had taken positions on the roofs of various buildings near the hospital.
Caoimhe Butterly is an Irish human rights activist working in Gaza City as a volunteer with ambulance services and as co-coordinator for the Free Gaza Movement. Butterly describes in troubling detail what life was like at Shifa hospital, another key medical center attacked by Israel with U.S. made weaponry.
“The morgues of Gaza’s hospitals are overflowing. The bodies, in their blood-soaked white shrouds, cover the entire floor space of the Shifa’a Hospital’s morgue. Some are intact, most horribly deformed, limbs twisted into unnatural positions, chest cavities exposed, heads blown off, skulls crushed in. Family members wait outside to identify and claim a brother, husband, father, mother, wife, child. Many of those who wait their turn have lost numerous family members and loved ones …
On the same day, Israeli shells rained down on a U.N. compound in Gaza City, setting fire to its warehouses and reducing to ashes tons of sorely needed food and medical aid. Some 700 Palestinians had fled to the U.N. complex at the time of the bombings, and a number of them were wounded.
John Ging, the director of UNRWA operations in the Gaza Strip, accused the Israelis of bombing the U.N. Food Complex with phosphorus shells. “They are phosphorus fires, so they are extremely difficult to put out because, if you put water on, it will just generate toxic fumes and do nothing to stop the burning,” he said.
On Jan. 17, two Palestinian young boys, brothers aged 5 and 7, were killed when Israeli tank fire hit a U.N. school in Gaza. The boys and 25 other Gazans were wounded in the shelling at the school run by the U.N. relief and works agency in Beit Lahiya. The school was the third U.N. shelter to be hit by Israeli fire in its 22-day war on the tiny Gaza Strip.
Christopher Gunness, a spokesman for the U.N. run school, said several tank rounds hit the U.N. school. The third floor of the school took a direct hit after a short pause, killing the pair and injuring another 14 people. Gunness said about 1,600 civilians had sought refuge from the fighting inside the building when it was hit. And he made it clear that Israel knew exactly what it was hitting.
“The Israeli army knew exactly our GPS co-ordinates and they would have known that hundreds of people had taken shelter there,” he told Arab-run news services. “When you have a direct hit into the third floor of a U.N. school, there has to be an investigation to see if a war crime has been committed.”
It does appears now that white Western supremacists from Israel and North America are willing to lock down, starve and even burn the skins off of Arabs with white phosphorous to enforce Western supremacist rule. The current U.S-Israeli attack on an unarmed illegally occupied population, in the most densely populated cities in the world, far exceeds the most brutal of actions taken by former white South African rulers against Black Africans.
The statistics up to the 20th day of the war: over 1,100 Palestinians dead, of whom 300 are children, and 5,400 more wounded, some critically. So far the Israeli strikes have claimed over 15 mosques, many schools, at least three hospitals, several U.N. facilities, more than six field medics, and hundreds of private homes and civilian apartment buildings.
In 2006, Nobel Laureate Bishop Desmond Tutu, one of the leaders of the South African anti-Apartheid movement, was prevented from entering Israel and the Gaza Strip to investigate another potential massacre of innocent Palestinian civilians. And it took him two years to finally get in. Tutu has been quoted many times in regards to the similarities between the former Apartheid system in South Africa and the current treatment of occupied Palestinians. Why was this globally respected international hero turned away from Israel? Was he a potential terrorist?
Tutu wrote in 2003: “Yesterday’s South African township dwellers can tell you about today’s life in the Occupied Territories. To travel only blocks in his own homeland, a (Palestinian) grandfather waits on the whim of a teenage soldier. More than an emergency is needed to get to a hospital; less than a crime earns a trip to jail. The lucky ones have a permit to leave their squalor to work in Israel’s cities, but their luck runs out when security closes all checkpoints, paralyzing an entire people. The indignities, dependence and anger are all too familiar. Many South Africans are beginning to recognize the parallels to what we went through.”
Last month, just before Israel’s air war started, Richard Faulk, the distinguished Princeton scholar on international law and the current U.N. special reporter for human rights in the Occupied Territories, was also turned away from Israel. In a recent interview, Faulk told me that while he couldn’t prove that Israel’s pre-planned war against Hamas was a part of the reason, he was convinced it was.
In a recent interview, Faulk characterized Israel’s attacks on Gaza as nothing short of a humanitarian disaster and stated that Israel may be guilty of a series of war crimes, including a new kind of war crime characterized by heavy bombing attacks on civilian populations who have no possibility of fleeing.
“I think that one needs to recognize that this is a devastating series of attacks on a civilian population that was already greatly weakened by 18 months of a blockade that restricted the entry of food, medicine and fuel in such a way that international civil servants on the ground in Gaza and journalists were anticipating the possible collapse of Gazan society,” said Falk. “So, it’s important to recognize that these attacks came on top of this prior situation that had already driven the civilian society to the point of near desperation.
“Well, I think it’s important to be careful with the use of language here. In my view it is already an unfolding humanitarian catastrophe. The legal implications of that situation are more complex. I think there is no doubt that the Israeli attacks since Dec. 27 constitute massive violations of international humanitarian law and of the U.N. charter that prohibits the non-defensive use of force. Whether these violations add up to crimes against humanity is something that needs to be validated.”
Falk also talked about a new kind of potential war crime being committed by Israel: “The overall tactics that have been employed by Israel have one feature that has been not very well articulated in the media, and that’s the entrapment of a civilian population in a war zone. The Gazans have been denied the option of becoming refugees, which is not a pleasant option to choose, but if you’re seeking safety from a war zone that is threatening your life and the life of your family and children and so on, the refugee option is the least terrible option available to a civilian society, particularly in a place like Gaza where the density of population is so great and the area is so small. But Israel has closed the exit and has basically locked the population into this war zone and, as far as I know, that hasn’t really happened before in such a systematic way and it probably should be considered a new kind of war crime.”
Meanwhile, Israel has attempted to impose a total blackout on reporting about its current land, air and sea war against Gaza. It has not only forbidden journalists from going into the Gaza Strip but has also bombed them if they managed to get in.
In Israel, over 800 Israelis, most of them Palestinians, have been arrested protesting the attacks in Gaza. The secret police inside Israel have made it particularly difficult to protest and have rounded up entire protests that were totally peaceful in nature, accusing the protesters of endangering the morale of the state.
On the political front, the Israeli Knesset has taken actions to ban duly elected Arab members of the Israeli parliament, calling them, in essence, traitors and enemies of the Jewish state. Are these the actions of the democratic state that Hillary Clinton and President-elect Obama have vowed to stand side-by-side with? Are these the policies we can expect to be supported by the new administration?
The overwhelming number of high elected officials in this country fear the Israeli lobby and tremble at the thought of being labeled as an anti-Semite for being in the slightest bit critical of Israel, the recipient of more of U.S. foreign aid than any country in the world. In this regard, President-elect Obama, the first African American president of the U.S. and a favorite son of the civil rights movement, has shown little difference. His silence on the savage attacks on the 1.5 million people of the Gaza Strip with U.S. weaponry and the killing of well over 1,200 people, including 400 children, is shocking.
And I have to wonder what goes through Obama’s mind, when he gets a little down time and boots up the internet, to find the country he has nearly sworn a blood oath to support and whose fierce and unrelenting military, using advanced U.S. weaponry, has bombed the living hell out of a locked down population of 1.5 million, half children, already on the brink of starvation?