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Earthquake in Haiti: Under Aristide, Haitians were prepared for disaster

January 21, 2010


Listen below to the audio of the Candlelight Vigil for Haiti Earthquake Victims, organized by Pierre Labossiere, Congresswoman Barbara Lee and Supervisor Keith Carson and recorded by Kamau Amen-Ra and watch a video produced by Minister of Information JR

by Minister of Information JR

At the candlelight vigil for Haiti earthquake victims on Monday, Jan. 18, outside the Oakland Federal Building, Ifonia Gelin, Yolanda Bellot and Shirley Bellot proudly display the Haitian flag. At one moment in the program, everyone in the crowd turned and faced Haiti with their candles raised in the air, crying, “Bring back President Aristide! Solidarity with the people of Haiti!” – Photo: Kamau Amen-Ra
Pierre Labossiere, co-founder of the Haiti Action Committee, is one of the leading voices in this country who has been speaking out for the rights of the people of Haiti since long before the earthquake and before the 2004 bicentennial coup, when democratically elected President Jean-Bertrand Aristide was kidnapped at gunpoint by U.S. Marines.

We wanted to talk to him because he has contacts in Haiti who could inform us as to what is happening on the ground. That way we could have an independent information line so we don’t have to depend on CNN or Democracy Now to tell us who we should support, as well as what of importance is happening to the descendants of the founders of the world’s first Black republic, who militarily defeated their colonizer, France, led by Napoleon Bonaparte.

“My decision to destroy the authority of the Blacks in Saint Dominque (Haiti) is not so much based on considerations of commerce and money as on the need to block forever the march of Blacks in the world,” Napoleon explained.

Leading the vigil were Pierre Labossiere of the Haiti Action Committee, Congresswoman Barbara Lee, Attorney Walter Riley of the Haiti Emergency Relief Fund and his wife, Barbara Rhine. Walter, Barbara and daughter Selena were in Haiti when the earthquake hit, and Walter spoke passionately about the strength of the Haitian people and the love they showed for him and his family. He was angered by the mainstream news’ repeated allusions to possible violence in Haiti. – Photo: Kamau Amen-Ra
The Europeans have never forgotten this successful rebellion by enslaved Africans and have been at war in one way or another with Haiti for over 200 years. Because of Haitians’ rebellious spirit, alongside the presence of what may be vast reserves of various minerals and resources in the ground, largely untapped, there has been no rest for the Haitian people.

Here is Pierre Labossiere with an update …

M.O.I. JR: Can you tell the people a little bit about what happened? Everyone by now should have seen it on television. Can you give a brief synopsis about this earthquake in Haiti and how it has affected the people and infrastructure of Haiti?

Pierre Labossiere: Just a week ago, on Jan. 12, Haiti was hit by a 7.0 magnitude earthquake, and it really devastated the capital city of Port au Prince and also many other cities have suffered major damage. Many lives are lost, the cathedral has crumbled, the national palace has crumbled, many of the government buildings have crumbled – and houses.

It was, from the photos I’ve seen, just devastating. It lasted 35 seconds, and to this day the number of dead and injured cannot be calculated. There are estimates ranging from 100,000 people; I’ve heard an estimate probably as high as 200,000 people. No one knows.

People may have seen the horrific footage of the injuries and how bodies are being picked up to be loaded to be buried, really. And many people do not know what has happened to their loved ones. People are still searching for folks.

Alameda County Supervisor Keith Carson spoke outside the Federal Building at the vigil he and Congresswoman Barbara Lee, who heads the Congressional Black Caucus, had quickly organized for the victims of the earthquake in Haiti. Held on Martin Luther King Day, the gathering was infused with the spirit of Dr. King. – Photo: Kamau Amen-Ra
I myself didn’t know. Because all of the phones were down, I couldn’t find out what happened to my relatives until about two days later. And they are OK. I have some distant relatives and more extended family. A member of the extended family has perished. So everyone you speak to has lost someone or has been touched in some way by this devastating earthquake.

M.O.I. JR: You speak about Port au Prince, but are other areas of Haiti affected?

Pierre Labossiere: Yes. There are a number of cities – and that is what I am hearing from the brothas and sistas on the ground – cities like, in the south, Les Cayes, Jacmel … there are a number of cities, but news of this is trickling out. We are not seeing much, and that’s why many people are infuriated by this because Haiti is under occupation by the U.N., so France, Canada and the U.S., using the U.N. as a proxy, have complete control over Haiti.

And these guys have all kinds of equipment. They have helicopters, you know? They are running the country, and yet and still we are hearing today that (people in Haiti) haven’t seen anyone who has mentioned what has happened to them. You know there are some very disturbing stories that have been coming out in the media, where communities that have been deeply affected are not seeing any kind of response.

Haiti is under occupation by the U.N., so France, Canada and the U.S., using the U.N. as a proxy, have complete control over Haiti.

Haiti is not that big. Haiti is the size of the state of Maryland. And with helicopters flying all over the place, yet nobody right there even in Port au Prince – people are not being told. Of course, various communities are not being approached. They are not seeing anybody come by to check and assess the damage or their needs.

People are thirsty. People are hungry. And it’s incredible what’s going on, and that’s criminal.

M.O.I. JR: You just said that Haiti is under United Nations occupation, and recently the president of Haiti, Preval, who was basically imposed on Haiti after the coup d’etat that took out the democratically elected president, Aristide, he signed over basically Haiti’s sovereignty, most importantly the airport at this point. There are a number of supplies at the airport from various countries, including Cuba, Venezuela and Bolivia, as well as others. Can you speak to how and why this happened?

Pierre Labossiere: The prime minister who was imposed on Haiti was Gerard Latortue. The U.S., France and Canada participated in the kidnapping of democratically elected President Aristide in 2004, the year of our bicentennial, on Feb. 29, 2004.

It was a cold day, but the spirit of the people was strong as they listened to Pierre Labossiere, co-founder of the Haiti Action Committee, speak of the need for immediate aid – not military occupation – in his native Haiti. In the background was the sound of Takuma King on the conch shell making music with other master drummers. – Photo: Kamau Amen-Ra
So since then, Haiti has been really under the control of the United Nations forces, because such a thing was so ugly. So to give it a nice face, they put the United Nations as proxies, but really the real power ruling Haiti has been the U.S., France and Canada through the U.N.

And what we have been seeing is the situation with living conditions has not improved for the Haitian people. As a matter of fact, living conditions have gotten much worse since the coup against President Aristide.

Progress made under President Aristide destroyed since coup

During President Aristide’s time, there were only 3,500 policemen and women in Haiti, and 3,000 of them had arms and 500 didn’t have any, just a baton. But we didn’t have the level of crime and insecurity as was occurring up to the earthquake under the U.N. watch.

For example, when President Aristide was there – despite the fact that there was economic sabotage, an economic boycott of resources, of loans that were supposed to come to Haiti to help out, and they sabotaged the economy, as a way to topple President Aristide – still he built schools. He built a medical school, hospitals, clinics and he also financed subsidized schools for children. He financed a literacy program, Alfa Resto, where people could buy a meal at a low price while you are learning how to read and write.

So it was a program, and there were other programs that were designed to help the economy progress, to strengthen or invest in our agricultural production. And the motto of the Lavalas Party, the party of President Aristide, was to invest in human beings. “Investing in humans” was the title of the program.

Aristide empowered Haitians economically

It included increasing the minimum wage. President Aristide doubled the minimum wage at that time as well. So that angered the forces here in the U.S. who don’t want to see that. They want to see Haiti being a place of low wages – I mean no wages at all when you look at what it costs to live there. That is what they want.

Symbolizing Haiti’s predicament of appearing unable to govern itself because it is dominated by superior firepower, on Jan. 20, a little boy sits between two U.S. soldiers “guarding” the hospital in Port au Prince from “security threats” like him, when in reality, the hospital belongs to Haiti, not the U.S. – Photo: EPA
And they didn’t want any sense of empowerment by the people. They didn’t want an experiment where people will do for themselves because the image of people being desperate and so destitute fits with a racist view of Haiti, that we cannot do for self.

There is an economic aspect as well. It creates an unemployed desperate labor pull, so for each and every job, you have a hundred people ready to fight over it. Then it is easier to lower the wages for everybody.

And it affects us here too, because in a situation like this, companies find it profitable to come and shut their plants down in the U.S. and other places and come and move to Haiti, where they could pay cheaper wages. And they use that as leverage against brothas and sistas in other countries who are standing up asking for higher wages and better living conditions, because they threaten you with moving to Haiti.

So during collective bargaining, they could use that as a bargaining chip really to their advantage. So those are the things and those are the reasons why they did what they did, by kidnapping President Aristide and having the coup and removing him from Haiti. So that is what the result of this has been.

Haiti had disaster response system under President Aristide

Natural disasters happen. Nobody has control over that. However, the infrastructure of the country, of the community, allows you to provide services for your people. It allows for the people to rebound after such a crisis. It provides you with a government structure with people able and ready to help and assist, to rescue people and save the survivors and provide sustenance for the survivors.

Rev. Phil Lawson of the Black Alliance for Just Immigration delivered the closing prayer at the vigil for Haiti’s earthquake victims held on Martin Luther King Day. – Photo: Kamau Amen-Ra
One of the things that happened is that there was such an emergency service system established in Haiti under the government of President Aristide. We had trained people, trained volunteers everywhere in Haiti. There were buildings with materials and goods stocked there, so in case of an emergency, people would have the means to survive.

But during the coup – a coup financed and participated in by the forces of the U.S., France, and Canada – those buildings were destroyed. The trained staff was kicked out of Haiti, rounded up, and many of them jailed. Many were killed. Many were forced out of the country.

(It was) complete destruction. Nothing was put in its place, you see, so you have a terrible lack of infrastructure. We looked at this situation before. After the coup in 2004, there was a hurricane that devastated the city of Gonaives. No response.

The same thing in 2008: We had four major hurricanes and no response. And then this earthquake. Again it exposes the failure of this occupation of Haiti by the U.N., which by the way has all of the resources at its disposal.

Email POCC Minister of Information JR, Bay View associate editor, at blockreportradio@gmail.com and visit www.blockreportradio.com.

Haiti Relief Benefit

Out of the despair we feel for our sisters and brothers in Haiti and our fury at the criminal neglect of their needs by the U.S. and U.N. come plans for making a way out of no way. Bay View associate editor Minister of Information JR and his friend, a young doctor who worked with him years ago in political organizing, are pulling together a media-medical team to travel to Haiti to work in solidarity with the people, ministering to their medical needs and reporting the truth to the outside world.

Come to the Haiti Relief Benefit for the media-medical team on Sunday, Jan. 24, 7 p.m., at the Black Dot Café, 1195 Pine St. in West Oakland. Hear an update on Haiti from Pierre Labossiere, beloved and respected throughout the U.S. and Haiti, who is guiding the Bay View and Block Report Radio as we prepare to send the media-medical team to Haiti, and attorney Walter Riley, who was in Haiti and gave first aid to the people when the earthquake struck and who heads the Haiti Emergency Relief Fund. Along with your checkbook, please bring medical supplies of any and all kinds.

If you can’t attend the benefit, you may make your tax-deductible donation to the Haiti media-medical team at Support SF BayView (at the top of the left-hand column at www.sfbayview.com) by scrolling down to MAKE A TAX-DEDUCTIBLE DONATION. Or mail your check, made out to HRIN, to SF Bay View, 4917 Third St., San Francisco CA 94124. The Bay View’s 501(c)(3) nonprofit project, the Hurricane Relief Information Network (HRIN), was created for survivors of Katrina and subsequent disasters.

For all other earthquake relief for Haiti, the Bay View strongly urges your support for the Haiti Emergency Relief Fund, founded by Harry Belafonte, Danny Glover and Walter Riley and closely affiliated with the Haiti Action Committee, co-founded by Pierre Labossiere. To donate, go to HaitiAction.net or make your check out to Haiti Emergency Relief Fund/EBSC – donations are tax deductible – and mail it to East Bay Sanctuary Covenant, 2362 Bancroft Way, Berkeley CA 94704.

Candlelight Vigil for Haiti Earthquake Victims

Held on Martin Luther King Day, Monday, Jan. 18, 5 p.m., at the Oakland Federal Building, 1301 Clay St., and organized by the Haiti Action Committee, Congresswoman Barbara Lee and Supervisor Keith Carson, the speakers are Pierre Labossiere, Rev. J. Alfred Smith Jr., Attorney Walter Riley, Congresswoman Barbara Lee, Supervisor Keith Carson, Sister Maureen Duignan and Rev. Phil Lawson. The recording is by Kamau Amen-Ra and the video by Minister of Information JR.

 

Oakland Responds to Haiti from New America Media on Vimeo.

Oakland responds to Haiti’s January 12 earthquakeWe talk to Walter Riley, a survivor of the Jan 12 earthquake in Haiti, as people support the Haiti Action Committee in Oakland, CA.

www.NewAmericaMedia.org
www.YouthOutlook.org

4 thoughts on “Earthquake in Haiti: Under Aristide, Haitians were prepared for disaster

  1. marie morabito

    Aristide the worst demagogue ever to lead haiti is still in his cynical cycle intergecting himself in this drama- he had named is movement Lavalas which in creole means “wash out”- if he is any kind of priest as he claimed to be he will understand that God had enough and decided to clean this country of corruption, theft, kidnapping and finally give it a CLEAN chance to rise from the ashes- From 1992 to 2009, Haiti received 3.5 billion dollars of aid and this is what the world saw on tv- a place that does not have 10 ambulances for a population in a city of 3 million- if indeed there was a plan a solid plan install by his government it should have showned its efficacity- The Aristide era and all its deceptions is over- if it took an earthquake to clean the slate of his lies, we are happy to finally see the end- enough is enough and we say to the Black Caucus, Transafrica and all those who over the years benefited with him- thanks but no thanks- the international community and all those who over the years have provided aid to this country will never let themselves be con by and and his movement ever again- under his so call priesthood and democracy theology and ideology, history will judge him as the most machiavelic leader this country ever had-

    Reply
  2. Ajamu Dillahunt

    This was a great article. Many folks are using the quote that you attributed to Napolean about the need to block the march of Blacks around the world. This notion is powerful and what is widely believed to have been the main, although not the only, motivation for French attempts to hold the Africans in bondage. Can you give us a citation? It will be extremely important for us as we build arguments around those viscious words.

    Peace,
    Ajamu

    Reply

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