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Haiti: Annul the elections

February 23, 2011

Stop the Duvalier restoration, return President Aristide

by Charlie Hinton

Wyclef Jean formally announced his endorsement of Michel Martelly on Feb. 16. Martelly, a member of the dreaded tonton macoutes in his youth, has pledged that if elected he will make Duvalier one of his advisors. – Photo: Ramon Espinosa, AP
On Feb. 3, Haiti’s Electoral Council announced in a decision signed by only four of eight council members, and without releasing any vote count, that Mirlande Manigat and Michel Martelly would participate in a “run-off” on March 20, although Haitian law requires that a majority of five members sign.

The decision eliminates Jude Celestin, originally announced as the runner-up to Manigat, and the favorite of current President Rene Preval. This “run-off” helps to explain the re-emergence of Jean-Claude (Baby Doc) Duvalier, since both candidates have links to the Duvalier past.

Leslie Manigat, husband of the leading contender, made his political debut under Francois Duvalier’s tutelege, as part of the noirist movement whose goal was for elite black Haitians to become part of Haiti’s ruling, but mainly light skinned, elite. He founded the noirist Institute of Higher Learning in 1958 at the request of Duvalier.

Mirlande Manigat, former first lady of Haiti and now a candidate for president shakes hands with former U.S. president and special U.N. envoy to Haiti, Bill Clinton, who met with in Port-au-Prince on Feb. 15 with both candidates in the March 20 runoff. – Photo: Ramon Espinosa, AP
Some say it was Manigat who advised Duvalier to create the private militia known as the tonton macoutes in order to counter the power of Haiti’s regular army.

Michel Martelly pledged that if elected, he will make Duvalier one of his advisers. Martelly’s ties to the former dictator can be traced to his youth – he joined the tonton macoutes at the age of 15. He later attended Haiti’s military academy, closed by Papa Doc to eliminate a potential rival, then reorganized and opened by Baby Doc.

Under the Duvalier dictatorship, Martelly ran the Garage, a nightclub patronized by army officers and members of Haiti’s tiny ruling class. After Baby Doc’s fall in February 1986, a mass democratic movement, long repressed by the Duvaliers, burst forth and became known as Lavalas.

Martelly quickly became a bitter Lavalas opponent, attacking the popular movement in his songs played widely on Haitian radio. Martelly “was closely identified with sympathizers of the 1991 military coup that ousted former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide,” the Miami Herald observed in 1996, and ran with members of the infamous FRAPH death squads.

Martelly’s candidacy has significant backing from an anonymous Florida supporter who hired the Spanish public relations firm Ostos & Sola to manage his campaign. This same company secured Felipe Calderón the presidency in Mexico and worked on John McCain’s campaign.

These fantasy “run-offs” are the latest effort of the Haitian elites and the “international community” – i.e., the United States, France and Canada, operating through the United Nations and the Organization of American States (OAS) – to eliminate the influence, and even the memory, of twice elected President Jean-Bertrand Aristide and his Fanmi Lavalas party, the largest and most popular party in the country.

Aristide put the needs of poor Haitians ahead of the demands of international bankers, though by doing so created powerful enemies. (See “We Will Not Forget! The Achievements of Lavalas in Haiti,” a publication available for free download.) Military coups overthrew his governments both times, instituting death squad reigns of terror, most recently on Feb. 29, 2004, when U.S. military and diplomatic personnel kidnapped Aristide and his family and flew them to the Central African Republic. They currently live in forced exile in South Africa.

Aristide put the needs of poor Haitians ahead of the demands of international bankers, though by doing so created powerful enemies.

U.S., French and Canadian troops occupied Haiti after the coup, until 8,000 U.N. troops, led by Brazil, replaced them. That number rose to the current 11,500 personnel on the ground – military and police – after the earthquake.

As revealed by Wikileaks in a Brazilian government cable, the U.S. “Ambassador and PolCouns also stressed continued USG [U.S. Government] insistence that all efforts must be made to keep Aristide from returning to Haiti or influencing the political process, and asked whether the GOB [Government of Brazil] also remains firm on that point.”

The “international community” has attempted to give an air of legitimacy to this occupation by holding sham elections. In 2009, the day after a visit by U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, Haiti’s Electoral Council ruled that Fanmi Lavalas could not run candidates in the senatorial elections. This decision led to an electoral boycott that saw fewer than 10 percent vote in the first round, and far fewer in the run-off. Nevertheless, President Preval and the “international community” recognized the results.

For the November 2010 presidential elections, the Electoral Council ruled that over a dozen political parties, including Fanmi Lavalas, could not participate. Preval was reported to have said it would take only 4 percent of the vote to win, indicating that the suppression of voter turnout might be a campaign tactic.

The Obama administration spent $14,500,000 on these “elections,” funneled through USAID, despite 45 U.S. Congress members’ warning they would not be free and fair. The candidates spent millions of dollars promoting themselves, an insult to the potential voters they courted, still living in miserable tent and tarp encampments nearly a year after the earthquake.

Voting day was chaotic. Voter rolls contained the names of many of the 310,000 people who had died in the earthquake. People had no idea where to vote. One woman went to six polling places in Port au Prince, another to four, looking for their names on lists.

The number of polling places was reduced from around 12,000 in the last genuinely democratic election in 2000 to fewer than a thousand this time, helping to create the appearance of a large turnout while keeping turnout low. Official results claim that 23 percent of the electorate voted, but on-the-ground observers claim turnout was much lower.

By noon, 12 of the candidates, including Martelly and Manigat, had joined together to denounce the massive fraud, demanding the elections be cancelled. That evening, however, Edmond Mulet, head of the U.N. occupation forces in Haiti, called them both to say they were in the “run-off,” and they withdrew their opposition. Then the results were announced: Manigat first, Celestin second, with Martelly a close third.

By noon on election day in November, 12 of the candidates, including Martelly and Manigat, had joined together to denounce the massive fraud, demanding the elections be cancelled. That evening, however, Edmond Mulet, head of the U.N. occupation forces in Haiti, called them both to say they were in the “run-off,” and they withdrew their opposition.

Protests broke out all over Haiti. The media credited the outrage to Martelly supporters, but people from many political tendencies protested the phony elections, the exclusion of Fanmi Lavalas, the U.N. occupation and the introduction of cholera into Haiti by U.N. troops.

The “international community” sent an electoral commission from the OAS to “recount the votes.” A report by the Center for Economic and Policy Research states, “The amount of votes not counted or counted wrong in this election is huge … Based on the numbers of irregularities, it is impossible to determine who should advance to a second round.” Nevertheless, the OAS decided the “run-off” should be between Manigat and Martelly, and Hillary Clinton personally went to Haiti to enforce the message, regardless of Haitian law.

These are “demonstration elections,” designed to isolate Fanmi Lavalas and prevent real grassroots democracy, put a “democratic” face on a military occupation, provide an illusion of “democracy” to ensure a stable investment climate, and “demonstrate” to the populations in the occupying countries that their troops and tax dollars serve a useful purpose.

Former Haitian President Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier, here with his wife Veronique Roy in Port au Prince in mid-January, says he wants to stay in Haiti and recapture the presidency. “We need to shake everything up so that the elections are annulled and new elections are held in which Duvalier can run,” Henry Robert Sterlin, a former Haitian ambassador to France and current aide to Duvalier, told AFP. – Photo: Hector Retamal, AFP/Getty Images
The people of Haiti fear for their future. In spite of assurances by the U.N. and OAS that things would be better, they have only gotten worse in the seven years since the coup. A year after the quake, the corrupt Preval government, backed by an occupation army, has done nothing to support them, and now Baby Doc is back and busy reconnecting with past associates.

According to his lawyer, Duvalier would like to run for president in the future. “He is a political man. Every political man has political ambitions.” Jodel Chamblain – second-in-command of the FRAPH death squad after the first coup and a leader of the mercenary band that overran the North during the second coup, convicted murderer of pro-democracy activist Antoine Izméry and participant in the Raboteau Massacre – heads up Duvalier’s security.

When State Department spokesperson P.J. Crowley dismissed the return of Duvalier saying, “this is a matter for the Government of Haiti and the people of Haiti,” but opposed the return of Aristide with “Haiti needs to focus on its future, not its past,” he disrespected the millions of Haitians for whom Duvalier literally awakens nightmares of the past.

State Department double-speak prescribes “what Haiti needs right now is a period of calm, not divisive actions,” but imposes sham elections and the exile of Haiti’s most popular and respected leader. These measures are more conducive to occupation, not calm; submission, not unity.

Preval, Manigat, Martelly and the “international community” carry on as if these pretend “elections” are completely legitimate and anyone who challenges them is being disruptive. What they are really legitimizing is the return of one of the worst chapters in the history of Haiti, the restoration of neo-Duvalierism as a serious contender for political power in Haiti.

The Haitian majority asks freedom loving people everywhere to join the Congressional Black Caucus to demand these “elections” be annulled, that the Duvalier Restoration be stopped in its tracks, that Duvalier be tried for crimes against humanity, and for President Aristide to return and be with the people he loves and who love him dearly.

Charlie Hinton wrote this story with editing assistance from Leslie Mullin. Both are members of the Haiti Action Committee. Hinton may be reached at ch_lifewish@yahoo.com.

Yes to Aristide’s return! No to fraudulent elections!

by the Haiti Action Committee

Haitians know what they want, and it isn’t another sham election. Haiti’s largest party, Lavalas, has been excluded, former President Aristide is still unable to return and both candidates in the March 20 runoff for president have ties to the ruthless former dictator, “Baby Doc” Duvalier.
As the seventh anniversary of Haiti’s Feb. 29, 2004, coup d’etat* approaches, the United States continues to stifle the will of Haiti’s people, block promised aid for post-earthquake reconstruction and impose foreign military occupation. A common theme that resonates louder than ever around the world, as we see also in Egypt, is people’s desire for true democracy.

Thanks to ongoing mobilization of the grassroots in Haiti and international solidarity, a diplomatic passport has just been issued to former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, who remains in forced exile in South Africa. Yet at the same time, U.S. State Department spokesperson P.J. Crowley stated that the U.S. does not want Aristide to return to Haiti until after the March 20 run-off of what we know was a deeply flawed presidential election last November. When asked about Aristide returning, Crowley has said, “Haiti does not need, at this point, any more burdens.”

No election under occupation can be free or fair.
It is crucial to keep up the pressure and support the demands we hear consistently from the grassroots in Haiti:

1) Former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide must be allowed to return to Haiti immediately, and

2) The fraudulent November 2010 election must be annulled and new elections that are free, fair and inclusive of all parties, including Haiti’s largest party, Fanmi Lavalas, must be scheduled.

We believe that our actions should target the U.S. government, since it is ultimately U.S. officials in the State Department who are pressuring the United Nations, the OAS and the government of Haiti to act in ways that undermine democracy and severely oppress the people of Haiti.

Please call President Obama, at (202) 456-1111, and Secretary of State Clinton, at (202) 647-4000, as well as your member of Congress, at (202) 224-3121, and ask them to support these two demands.

*Readers in the Bay Area are cordially invited to “Seven Years after the Coup in Haiti: Democracy at the Crossroads,” marking the seventh anniversary of the Feb. 29, 2004, coup, when U.S. Marines forcibly removed democratically elected President Jean Bertrand Aristide from Haiti, the most respected and trusted voice of the poor. The event will be held at Humanist Hall, 390 27th St., Oakland, on Tuesday, March 1, at 7 p.m.

To learn more, join the Haiti Action Committee on Facebook, visit HAC’s website and sign up for email alerts by contacting action.haiti@gmail.com.

12 thoughts on “Haiti: Annul the elections

  1. Jacques

    I started reading this because like many I was concerned about the Haitian election. The minute I read the comment about Martelly joining the macoutes at 15 I knew the article was either bias or the writer had limited knowledge about Haiti. No one including Martelly joined the Macoutes at 15. The comment is 100% false. Haiti never had children in those roles. Makes me question all the comments about Manigat. Stick to the truth or get the facts. This is almost comical.

    Reply
  2. L Hamilton III

    Charles, your article was excellent in the way you tied everything together.Most people have no clue about the international interference and destabilization of democracy regarding Haiti. I think awareness is the key! How do we get people in the US to pay attention to what is going on in Haiti. I am truly ashamed of the US government role in suppressing true democracy. The people of Haiti must be respected and we have to help. I will distribute the article to all of my friends via email and facebook. Check out Justice For Haiti on Facebook. Keep up the great work Mr. Hinton.

    Reply
  3. G Hannecart

    Can Mr. Charlie Hinton show concrete PROOF that Mr. Martelly was indeed a member of the "tonton macoutes" at the age of 15??? I was in the same classroom with Michel Martelly at the age of 15 and I never saw him with a Macoute uniform or in any macoute political activities!…. My God, you guys are some piece of work!!!… Until then, those of us who know Micky since childhood will consider these comments as diffamatory, slanderous, withour merit, and simply put….PURE GARBAGE!!! Thank you.

    Reply
    1. Malaika H Kambon

      1 March 2011

      G H:

      Wyclef Jean, Martelly, Manigat are traitors to the Ayisian people, who proudly discuss their connections w/ both duvaliers – papa and his returned baby – whenever they get some press … This is occurring this way now because jean-claude 'baby doc' duvalier decided to force his 'return' to Ayiti, to 'help the people,'(!) only AFTER:

      (a) Lovinsky Pierre-Antoine has been disappeared since 12 August 2007, and hasn't been heard from since; [See: Lovinsky Pierre-Antoine http://thehaitianblogger.blogspot.com/2010/04/whe... ]

      (c) Kiss ass Barack Obama sends two of the most well known destabilizers of Ayiti – bill clinton (and his wife) and george bush – to Ayiti as white overseers; [See: 'Haiti, Classquakes, & American Empire,' http://zcommunications.org/haiti-classquakes-and-...

      (d)PJ Crowley's infamous tweets regarding keeping democracy - and Dr. Jean-Bertrand Arisitide - out of Haiti have become internationally known;

      (e) the U.S. introduced a devastating U.S. made earthquake into Haiti, which killed thousands and has tens of thousands more living in the same mud that some must eat;
      [See: 'Are They That Sick? Did U.S. Weather Weapon Destroy Haiti?' http://sfbayview.com/?s=Are+They+Really+That+Sick... ]

      (f) the UN has sent its cholera infested troops as a sure tactic of UN 'peace keeping' strategies;
      [See: 'All Elements of Society are participating,' impressions of Ca Haitien's movement against the U.N. http://sfbayview.com/2010/%E2%80%98all-elements-o... ] and [Foul Drinking Water Killing Haitians http://sfbayview.com/2010/cholera-epidemic-foul-d... ]

      (g) two sets of fraudulent elections mess;
      [See: 'Haiti: Annul the elections,' http://sfbayview.com/2011/haiti-annul-the-electio... ]

      (h) 'WikiLeaks points to U.S. meddling in Haiti;'
      [See: http://www.haitisolidarity.net/article.php?id=495 ]

      …and more…

      I repeat: jean claude duvalier wasn't going to drag himself back to Ayiti, w/wife and millions in tow so that those for whom he has created nightmares could force his execution for his crimes [including the rape of the Ayisian treasury] and crimes against humanity… He chose NOW for a reason. Martelly's crimes against the people of Ayiti do not bother duvalier, nor do they offend the sensibilities of his henchmen, such as jodel chamblain, nor do they offer any threat to his white bosses, bill clinton and g. w. b.

      These things are seemingly obvious to all but you, G. Hannecart. You truly are a piece of work if you cannot even see a forced euro-canadian-american regime change against Ayiti when it is literally sitting on your face.

      You sat in class w/a ton ton macoute member and you couldn't see what was in front of your face??! Talk about the pink elephant in the living room… shades of the emperor sans clothes…

      Perhaps these faux pas on your part were due to the surgical attachment of your lips to his ass – and to the asses of those who are the instigators of coups d'etat. This is even more proof that what is already corrupt cannot have merit, nor can it be defamed or slandered. But don't worry, GH: the people on the ground in Ayiti will continue to 'take out the traitorous garbage' until liberation is achieved.

      Reply
  4. emmanuel c.

    unity is what we need for the first time in our history has the world get togetter to help us we need to show them we are also human we need to get along with each other and work side by side for a new begining there is so much work that need to be done we are too far behind in the world let just try example compare our selve to our neighbord that we share the same island it s ugly and embarassing only this time let try to look foward with God but God only it is OK to let every body back and follow the rules has brother and sister for a new haiti has the !1st black coutry we need a better tomorow mambo from lawrence mass

    Reply
    1. E.C

      this is a message to Martelly or Manigat who ever has a chance to become the next haiti president becareful has the world waching u people over the money that been offer for the reconstruction of haiti every one try to fit in to the presidency we need a true leader someone that understand the role and the position someone that could put every one togetter regarless background classsocial color religion party politic ect era for the past 80 years haiti became a bridge for people to make money we dont even have a sort of infracstructure no health no sport no education nothing no food no electricity no job no life no airport no stadium no park no gas station no mall no rest area no security no police no army we dont even know wo came and leave the country if doesnt use that fake little airport oooooooooooooooooooooooooo satructure

      Reply
  5. Werwolf

    If you're reading this, Qadafi must be stopped. He's using foreign mercenaries to gun people down in the streets. Check the news. Remember, who backed Qadafi at this paper so that you can know this: everything they write is nonsense.

    Reply

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