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The coup in Cote d’Ivoire

April 24, 2011

by Jean Damu

Ouattara’s forces have taken control of much of Abidjan and are “wiping out pockets of resistance,” according to an AFP report. – Photo: AFP
As peace loving and progressive forces in the West and in the U.S. in particular deliriously celebrated the awakening of pro-democratic movements in white dominated Islamic countries that routinely and officially kick Blacks to the curb, growing evidence suggests the West, led by France, engineered a political and military coup in Cote d’Ivoire that some say is designed to re-colonize that country.

Set beside widespread beliefs that the West – i.e., Europe and the U.S. – is doing much the same in Libya, the Cote d’Ivoire situation needs to be looked at anew, especially in light of late reports that indicate fighting has broken out among the very forces of Alissane Ouattara that overthrew and arrested the constitutionally certified president, Laurent Gbagbo.

Fascinatingly in the U.S. among the very few that have raised a note of protest to the alleged coup are Evangelical Christians, led by Pat Robertson and his Christian Broadcasting Network. In Africa a growing list of countries including Gambia, South Africa and Angola are protesting the intervention of the West and the overthrow of President Gbagbo.

The mouse that roared

Despite the fact Gambia is the smallest country in continental Africa, on Sunday, April 17, Gambian President Yahya Jammeh issued a vigorous anti-colonial, anti-imperialist call in defense of the deposed Gbagbo.

The statement, read on Gambian television and reprinted in Banjul newspapers, said in part:

Cote d’Ivoire, the largest exporter of cocoa in the world, is relatively wealthy. Abijan, a city of 3.3 million, looks modern and prosperous, a symbol of pride for Ivorians and pan-Africanists as well as a jewel France covets to restore the glory of its colonial crown. – Photo: Basile Zoma, UN Photo
“The events in Ivory Coast have vindicated us on our earlier assertion that Western neo-colonialist sponsored agents in Africa that owe allegiance only to themselves and their Western masters are ready to walk on thousands of dead bodies to the presidency. That is what is happening in Ivory Coast.

“Africans should not only wake up, but stand up to the new attempts to re-colonize Africa through so-called elections that are organized just to fool the people, since the true verdict of the people would not be respected if it does not go in favor of the Western backed candidates, as has happened in Cote d’Ivoire and elsewhere in Africa….

“Our position is very clear. The case of Laurent Gbagbo is a replica of the case of Patrice Lumumba who, as a freedom fighter for the dignity and independence of not only Congolese people but the entire Black race, was overthrown by Western powers, including the U.N., and handed over to his enemies to be murdered.

“History is repeating itself as the same neocolonial forces that overthrew Patrice Lumumba, captured him and handed him over to his enemies almost 50 years ago are the same forces involved in the Ivory Coast with the only difference being that it is now a different former colonial power.”

The statement went on to suggest that an interim government of national unity be formed to immediately organize new elections and that Ouattara be excluded from running based on his illegal taking of power.

In January, South Africa, in a move that temporarily frustrated international efforts to dislodge Gbagbo, parked its naval frigate SAS Drakensberg off the coast of Cote d’Ivoire. The move was widely seen as a statement that South Africa wanted a diplomatic end to the standoff with Gbagbo included in any coalition government.

South Africa’s aggressive posture was counteracted by then acting Nigeria President Goodluck Johnson. Johnson, who also presided over ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States) provided political cover for French and U.N. intervention by declaring West African support for Ouattara.

The South Africa-Nigeria split on Cote d’Ivoire was complicated by the fact both countries are vying to become permanent members of the U.N.’s Security Council and both are attempting to gain ascendancy over African foreign policy issues.

Tellingly, however, Johnson, who on April 16 was declared the winner of Nigeria’s presidential election, is now being accused of voter fraud on virtually the same scale alleged against Ouattara.

In early April Angola had issued strong words in support of Gbagbo that backed the Gambian position: “(W)e also think that Ivory Coast should create a government of national unity on the basis of dialogue, since Laurent Gbagbo was constitutionally elected.

“War doesn’t work. There needs to be a peaceful solution to the crisis. Angola will not enter Ivory Coast like the French,” Angolan government spokesman Jose-Marie Fernandes said.

Curious and likely unreliable allies

The current crisis in the Cote d’Ivoire – if it can still be defined a crisis – witnessed the takeover of the capital Abidjan by northern rebels led by Allasane Ouattara, the arrest of President Laurent Gbagbo and his family and finally Ouattara being sworn in as president. The crisis stems from Gbagbo’s refusal to accept results from what he considered the highly fraudulent presidential elections of Nov. 28, 2010.

Gbagbo and his supporters say that in the November elections, elections that compare to U.S. primaries, Gbagbo received tens of thousands of votes in the four northern regions – but in the runoff election he was credited with not one single vote.

“This is a statistical impossibility!” wailed U.S. Sen. James Inhofe, D-Okla., to his senatorial colleagues. Inhofe, an evangelical Christian and key spokesman for the creationist movement in Congress, went on to point out to his fellow senators that in one northern region, “We have the precinct tallies of one region alone where Ouattara received 94,873 votes and Gbagbo received none … If you multiply that times four you have the margin that Gbagbo allegedly lost the election by.”

Despite Inhofe’s shaky logic – you would need to examine all four regional vote totals to reach his conclusion – it doesn’t seem possible that any responsible political body would certify an election in which one of just two candidates received no votes in 500 polling stations. But that’s just what the Electoral Commission did. They certified the election claiming Quattara received 54.1 percent of the vote while Gbagbo received just 45.9 percent.

In an anti-climax, however, Constitutional Council President Paul Yao N’dre appeared on state television and declared the results “invalid.” The Constitutional Council is the legal body charged with upholding the Cote d’Ivoire constitution. It is they who swear the president into office.

“CEI (Independent Electoral Commission) was supposed to declare the results by latest on Wednesday (Dec. 1) midnight, but due to disagreements (among themselves – ed.) over results from some regions (four northern regions controlled by Ouattara where Gbagbo received no votes – ed.), it was not able to do so and therefore the Constitutional Council will take up the issue and make a ruling.”

A history teacher and union organizer before his election in 2000, President Laurent Gbagbo championed the liberation of the Ivorian economy from French domination. French military intervention led to his ouster, and French soldiers were among the forces that stormed his residence and captured him and his wife in the pre-dawn hours of April 12 as they slept. Observes Dr. Kwame Osei, writing in Modern Ghana April 13, “The capture of Laurent Gbagbo by White French mercenaries brings the essence of White imperialism against Afrikan liberation to the fore.” – Video frame: AFP
Their ruling: Laurent Gbagbo was the winner.

In an interview CBN international affairs correspondent Gary Lane asked evangelical tycoon Pat Robertson an interesting question, “Who swore Ouattara in as president? The U.N.? France? I spoke to all seven members of the Constitutional Council and to a man they laid out all the evidence of why they declared Gbagbo the president and why they think the election was fraudulent. So who swore Ouattara in?”

The answer: Ouattara swore himself in! He did it by sending an email to the Constitutional Council declaring himself president. He did this immediately after the Council had sworn in Gbagbo.

Lane went on to say that he considered “a soft coup d’etat” had taken place in Cote d’Ivoire in an obvious attempt by France at re-colonization.

“Gary, I think you’re right on the money,” Robertson said.

Evidence in support of this theory is that Gbagbo was beginning to make noises and threats regarding nationalization of Cote d’Ivoire’s cocoa industry, an industry that has seen world cocoa prices skyrocket.

But Robertson’s real interest in the Cote d’Ivoire is likely bolstered by his concern, real or imagined, that a new government there would restrict evangelical teachings of the Bible.

However, the malevolent Three Blind Mice (France, the U.N. and European Union) weren’t having it. They declared Ouattara the legitimate president of Cote d’Ivoire and began aiding and fueling his forces and sending in their own forces.

The social base of Ouattara’s movement is mostly comprised of the offspring of large numbers of migrant workers from Guinea, Mali and Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) who were encouraged in the 1960s by first Cote d’Ivoire President Felix Houphouet-Boigny to migrate and work on the coffee and cocoa plantations. They have remained and to this day are considered by many to be foreigners.

Alissane Ouattara, despite – or maybe because of – having been an official at the World Bank, had been instrumental in organizing a series of military coups against Gbagbo. Though the earlier coup attempts failed, the 2002 attempt was successful in virtually splitting the country in half, which explains why the 500 polling stations that claimed Gbagbo received no votes were all in the regions dominated by Ouattara forces.

As reports of murder and detention of Gbagbo supporters increase, likely the Cote d’Ivoire story is far from over.

Jean Damu is the former western regional representative for N’COBRA, National Coalition of Blacks for Reparations in America, and a former member of the International Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, taught Black Studies at the University of New Mexico, has traveled and written extensively in Cuba and Africa and currently serves as a member of the Steering Committee of the Black Alliance for Just Immigration. Email him at jdamu2@yahoo.com.

From AlJazeeraEnglish April 24

 

8 thoughts on “The coup in Cote d’Ivoire

  1. Get Well Africa

    OUTTARA IS THE ONLY PRESIDENT IN THE WHOLE WIDE WORLD WHO HAS MORE DEBT TO REPAY THAN CAPITAL TO USE IN ORDER TO EXHAUST ALL HIS INDEBTEDNESS TOWARD SO MANY. Please sincerely and honestly answer these 4 questions for us: Can president Outtara ever fire his Prime Minister Guillaume Soro? Can you imagine a president who cannot fire his prime minister??? Can Outtara turn down a request for, let us say, $50,000,000 in cash from Konan Bédié from the secret presidential money boxes? Can Outtara turn down a request to secretly finance, in part, the presidential campaign of French president Nicolas Sarkozy under the old Francafrique dirty tricks? If you answer “yes” to any one of these 4 questions, then you do not understand how Outtara became president. He would never be president without Konan Bédié who asked Houphouet Boigny’s old supporters to vote massively for him. So he owes him 100% of his presidency. And then, Outtara would never be president if it were not for Soro and I.B., who took and won the fight for him, during these last 10 years, culminating in the humiliation of Gbagbo and his supporters. Slapping a president! Pulling the hair of the first lady as souvenirs and fake talisman! Outtara owes each one of these two groups 100% of his presidency, each. And then here is the big one: If not for Villepin/Chirac/Sarkozy/France’s big guns and determination, Gbagbo could never be brought out of the bunker because Soro and IB, by themselves, could not win against Gbagbo and his army, never. Sarkozy led the international front and brought down the curtain on Gbagbo. But we all remember that Gbagbo was cheated or corned in all these years by Villepin, Chirac, Sarkozy, Blaise Compaoré, and the Independent Election Commission (CEI) where Gbagbo, in majority as a presiding president, was truly in minority with only 25% of the voting powers of the CEI. Was Gbagbo cheated in these elections? Yes, he was. Did the rebels disarm? No, they did not. Did Gbagbo have any political prisoners in 10 years in power? No, he did not. So why is he being wrongly called a dictator? We know in the last elections, Gbagbo did take over the airwaves at the expense of others; and that was not good to do. But why aren’t Soro and his rebels being called “Butchers”, “Slaughters” for killing innocent people during 10 years as rebels, for murdering the Daly Oblé in their sleep and burying them in Burkina Faso? Why are they calling Gbagbo a “baker”? Did Gbagbo signed agreements that he did not read or understand? Yes, he did. We blame Gbagbo and his many false prophets… But more so, we blame Outtara, in the first place for starting all of this with the Soro and IB. Why did Outtara have to name a rebel as his prime minister? Why not Mady, Mably, Banny or anyone else? Why Soro? Also please kindly go and read the U.S. Constitution in its XIV Amendment, Section 3. “No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.” Do we need rebels to govern us? “No” today and “no” tomorrow. We hope you get our points. AB – USA

    Reply
    1. AFRICALITE

      EXCUSE ME MISTER OR MRS "GET WELL AFRICA"

      IF YOU ARE NOT WELL INFORMED ABOUT THE IVORIAN'S POLITICAL ENVIRONMENT PLEASE DO SOME RESEARCH FIRST BEFORE YOU COMPARE THE US CONSTITUTION TO AN IVORIAN RULE OF LAW THAT IS INFLUENCED BY THE FRENCH CONSTITUTION…HIS FORMER COLONY!!!!!

      FOR YOUR INFO, SORO WAS PRIME MINISTER FOR YEARS UNDER GBAGBO FIRST, AS A REBEL AS YOU MENTIONED WORKING FOR THE OUATTARA'S GOVERNMENT. A HEAD OF STATE IS FREE TO HIRE ANYONE TO WORK FOR HIM, AND AFTER GBAGBO STOLE THE ELECTIONS HE DIDN'T HAVE THE CHOICE TO WORK WITH SORO AS A POLITICAL STRATEGY. SINCE GBAGBO WAS BACKED BY THE CORRUPT ARMY AND MERCENARIES FROM LIBERIA AND ANGOLA, SORO WAS ALSO THE HEAD OF THE FN( FORCE NOUVELLES) THEREFORE WAS A KEY ALLIE TO HAVE FOR A TEMPORARY GOVERNMENT…….ANYWAY DONT JUST LISTEN TO YOUR IVORIAN FRIENDS OR AFRICAN FRIENDS, BUT PLEASE READ THE NEWS ALSO TO VERIFY THOSE INFO OF YOURS..YOU ARE LUCKY YOU ARE IN A FREE COUNTRY AND DEMOCRATIC ONE TO BE ABLE TO GET SOME ACURATE INFORMATION. THE IVORIANS DONT GET THIS CHANCE SO THEY GET BRAIN WATCHED AND CANNOT VERIFY ANY INFO….
      THANKS

      Reply
  2. Kalos Kagathos

    Dude, do some research before you spew off nonsense. You'll seem less imbecilic. How did Jammeh arrive in power? By a military coup. He's not fighting against colonialism; he's worried about his own illegitimate hold on power. Ouattara is a threat to him -and to all dictators- because he is a man to won a legitimate mandate from the people.

    It is blatantly false that "not a single vote" went to Gbagbo in the North. But people largely vote along ethnic lines in Ivory Coast (that's where I'm from, by the way) and since the north is very homogeneous in terms of its ethnic composition, it is not at all surprising to see Ouattara polling about 90% in certain regions. Note that If you look at how specific tribesmen of Gbagbo voted in the South you will see the same pattern.

    - Gbagbo had agreed in prior agreements that the UN, not the Ivorian Constitutional Council, whose members he had handpicked, would "certify" the results of the elections. The U.N., despite noting some irregularites both in the North and in the South, after examining them, concluded that they had not significantly altered the overall results.

    - At the time of the certification of the individual regions, agents from Gbagbo's party accepted the results without complaint. It is only after the overall pattern was clear and it was evident that he had lost that the complaints surfaced. It is also then that Gbagbo, via the use of threats and other dilatory tactics, prevented the Independent Electoral Commission from proclaiming the results and then decided that, since it had not proclaimed the results within 3 days (a delay that had also been exceeded in the first rounds of voting, without being cause for complaint) of the vote, his handpicked Constitutional Council would proclaim the results.

    - The Ivorian constitution gives the Constitutional Council the power to either validate or invalidate the results of the entire elections. Nowhere does it give it the right to invalidate the results of individual regions. Moreover, in some of the regions where the vote was annulled, there had not even been complaints of fraud! But since it was seen that even by annulling the results of the vote of 5 regions, Gbagbo still didn't have the votes to win, votes were annulled until he could declare himself winner.

    - Gbagbo's support from the evangelical community is not surprising. He and his wife have embraced a bizarre form of evangelicalism that allows them to see themselves as saviors of Ivory Coast. I should also mention that Inhofe is very well connected with The Family, which has been known to support other Christian dictators such as Museveni of Uganda.

    Reply
  3. leo

    Ouattara lost the election, highest court of the land pronounce the result after the "Independent" Committee of election fail to do so within three days of the end of election, after three days it is to the Constitutional Courte to decide of the outcome of the election, the fourth days the French and American Ambassador took solely the president of independent comity of election and drove him to the headquarter of Ouattarra to pronounce the a contested result.

    Do you all know that Ouattarra the other candidate was married by Nicholas Sarkozy when he was mayor of the town call Neuilly sur sene before becoming the President of France? yes Ouattarra lost the election, there are proves that he lost the election, what Gbagbo is asking will be to have an international investigation made of member of USA congress, European Union, Russia, China to understand what really happen. Why the Obama administration refusing such opportunity? Are they hiding something?

    Reply
  4. N'Dri Kouadio

    Having lived in Abidjan for 29 years now, I have read with interest anything related to the current political crisis we are living. Some of it is solid, much of it is useless. Unfortunately, your article falls in the latter category.

    Without even touching the issue of possible neo-colonialism, you more than lost any credibility you might have had when you used the article written by the lackey of CBN as a proof. I was in Dakar when he joined up with the CBN rep in that city, and, unfortunately, I heard firsthand the report this CBN rep made of their so-called fact-finding trip. What it was in reality was a blatant, extremely one-sided propaganda piece that had no pretence of being fair. CBN was invited directly by Gbagbo to come, with all expenses paid by his camp. He did it because he knew that the CBN would accept him as a fellow traveler since he was a “Believer.” CBN has done this before, and they will surely do it again. All it takes is for a tyrant to sing a few hymns and use their shibboleths and he is accepted as one of them.

    They saw only what he wanted them to see and heard only what Gbagbo wanted them to hear. He had absolutely no contact with the Ouattara camp, and didn’t even try to have any. As investigative journalism, it was a farce. Yet you cite it as if it was a proof of anything. That, in and of itself, is enough to dismiss anything else you said.

    To think that the dictator of Angola or the one in the Gambia have any sense of democracy and the well-being of their populations in mind is absolutely insane. Why did you not report on the Angola soldiers that I ran into on the road between Abidjan and Yamoussoukro? Why did you not report that Angola is the biggest arms dealer to Gbagbo?

    Why do you not write about all the lies and manipulation that Gbagbo used for ten years to stall democratic elections? Why did you not report that Gbagbo had agreed to accept UN certification of the election results? Why did you not say that the president of the Constitutional Court was hand-picked by Gbagbo? Why are you not exploring the reports of the cadavers founded buried under all the monuments built the last ten years by Gbagbo around Abidjan, reportedly buried alive by Gbagbo as human sacrifices? Why don’t you come and explain to my friends whose daughter’s body is rotting in their house because Gbagbo’s thugs refused to let them bury her? Come talk to families of the women shot down in cold blood by Gbagbo’s forces. Explain your so-called reasoning to the family of the man I saw burnt to death by Gbagbo’s thugs because he had a name from the north of the country.

    More than ever, places like Côte d’Ivoire have need of reporters with integrity, who have the courage to ferret out the whole truth, who are not satisfied with second or third hand facts, who spend the time to understand the history, the culture and the sociology of the events that are taking place. You, unfortunately, are not among those needed reporters. You are a sick joke who can’t see beyond the very thin veneer of your own ideology.

    Reply
  5. africo

    You have to be very misinformed to think that Gbagbo is the new Lumumba. During his 10-year presidency, he has done absolutely nothing for the country. Not a single hospital, school or university was built. He will be remembered as a leader who used disproportionate violence, militias and police brutality to remain in power. The argument that the international community has always been against him does not stand when you know that he signed the biggest contract in ivorian history with French, American, Chinese and Russian companies. He was always willing to take their money with a smile.

    The countries supporting him where Gambia and Angola. I would certainly not call them examples of democracy. He cannot tell the UN not to intervene when he asked them to supervise the elections.

    I am not a Ouattara supporter. I just believe that he won the elections, and that he should do his 5 years.

    Also, people, please stop talking about re-counting the ballots. They have been under Gbagbo's custody for some time now, I would certainly not rely on him to provide accurate information. The electoral commission was ready to deliver the results on time on TV, but Gbagbo's men used force to prevent them from doing so.

    Reply
  6. MA LACHIE

    For all thses DUDES UP THERE AGAINST THE FACT THAT THERE WAS A WINNER IN IV ELECTIONS HERE ARE THE FACTS…FOOOL!!!!

    GBAGBO WAS PREPARING A GENOCIDE AGAINST PEOPLE FROM THE NORTH?? REMEMBER RULE 125.. FOR 100FRANC CFA YOU GET YOUR PETROLIUM AND FOR 25 FRANC CFA YOU GET A MATCH TO BURN ALIVE A HUMAN BEING!!! THANKS TO BLE GOUDE WHO IS SUDDENLY NOW LOST IN THE NATURE!!!!
    .. People are still debating the results of this election in IC????
    its so sad to see al these ivorians or so called ivorians leaving in the US which is a democratic nation have the gut to mention that Ouattara lost the elections..they are sitting here using the system and insult this nation citizens like gbagbo's daughter and the OK senator…PLEASE……

    1. IF Gbagbo wasnt ready to have elections last year why he did it anyways knowing he will loose..???
    HE WAS BEHIND THE 1999 COUP CALLING IT A "SALUTARY COUP" THEREFORE HE WAS BEHIND THE REBELLION TOO!! SO bY THE WAY HE NEVER GOT ELECTED HE KILLED GENERAL GUEI AND HIS WIFE AND WHOLE 18 MEMBERS OF HIS INNER CIRCLE AND FABIEN COULIBALY JUST TO STAY IN POWER.

    SO PEOPLE WHO THINK HE HAS BEEN HUMILIATED BY HIS REMOVAL FROM THE FRENCH AND FRCI, THANK FOR THEIR HELP… GO BACK AND SEE HOW GENERAL GUEI GOT KILLED.. HIS BODY WAS THROWN NEXT TO A SEWAGE GUTTER WITH NO RESPECT TO THA MAN AT ALL!!! HIS WIFE SIMONE KILLED 2 JOURNALISTS IN 2001 WITH THE HELP OF HER DEATH SQUAD " ESCADRON DE LA MORT"… WE CAN GO OTHER AND OTHER ALL DAY ALL NIGHT TALKING ABOUT ALL THE ATROCITIES COMMITTE DBY GBAGBO AND HIS GOVERNMENT…

    For people who took Math for high school even middle school can at least tell that the 2 major parties which are RDR and PDCI once merged as one party will win over LMP??? fool

    2. Have you seen the weapon of mass destruction that they found????hiden in every single house, building that houphouet boigny built???? he didnt even care and destroy all these historic building.. cuz gbagbo did not buld a single school nor hospital.. he is a history professor who deosnt speak french but nouchi instead : ivorian slang to address his poeple… if u haven't seen the weapons on France 24 or Africa 24 or any other major TV such PBS or BBC news…..they still online..NY Times and others accurate not "fake videos" as they tried to lie about the women killed in Abobo?
    3. Gbagbo hired liberians and angolan mercenaries to kill his people just to stay in power paid by the taxpayers money?? Human Rights violation
    4. firing rockets anywhere knowing rockets dont select house with LMP nor RHDP voters…they reach an unknown destination fooooolll
    5. The squeletons found under all the statues in that country letting people think he is a CHRISTIAN, practicing polygamy and voodooo staff to stay in power for ever….

    Claiming he is the winner and hide inside the basement of his residence with a bunch of foolish dudes like you and think that our God will help them stay in power listening to that again, foolish malachi kONE who took the taxpayer money and ran away…saying that on easter day he will be back to power at 7 am.. WELL DUDE ITS MONDAY AFTER EASTER AND PAST 7 AM AND GBAGBO AND SIMONE ARE STILL UNDER FRCI AND UN PROTECTION FOR YOUR INFO IN THE DISGUSTING NORTH!!!

    FOR PEOPLE WHO ARE SO NOSTLAGIC AND BITTER PLEASE WE ARE MOVING ON AND THE RECONCILIATION IS FOR OUR OWN GOOD SO IF YOU WANT TO WAIT FOR THE PREDITION OF THE PASTOR MALACHI… GOOD LUCK TO YOU!!! BECAUSE WE ARE GOING TO CATCH UP WHAT WE STARTED IN 1990 WHEN HOUPHOUET BOIGNY ASKED OUATTARA TO BE HIS PRIME MINISTER ANS RESTRUCTURE HIS ECONOMY KNOWING HE WAS FROM THE IVORY COAST….

    THANK YOU AND WE WILL SEE YOU AT THE HB AIRPORT FOR THOSE WHO WANT A JOB OR WANT TO BE AHEAD AND BE PART OF THE GLOBAL EMERGING MARKETS….

    Reply

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