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Black August: The power of prisoner-led organizing

August 3, 2018

Thousands came to pay their respects to one of the most influential imprisoned writers ever, George Jackson, at his funeral in Oakland on Aug. 28, 1971, a week after his assassination at San Quentin on Aug. 21. This year, 2018, a nationwide prison strike is set to begin on that date, Aug. 21, and end on Sept. 9, the anniversary of the Attica Prison Rebellion. – Photo: Stephen Shames

by Critical Resistance

For many of us fighting the ravages of the prison industrial complex, George Jackson is a source of inspiration and discipline. Over 40 years ago, George Jackson pleaded: “Settle your quarrels, come together, understand the reality of our situation, understand that fascism is already here, that people are dying who could be saved, that generations more will die or live poor butchered half-lives if you fail to act. Do what must be done, discover your humanity and your love of Revolution. Pass on the torch. Join us, give your life for the people.”

On Aug. 21, 1971, Jackson was assassinated by guards at San Quentin Prison during a prison rebellion.

“Settle your quarrels, come together, understand the reality of our situation, understand that fascism is already here, that people are dying who could be saved, that generations more will die or live poor butchered half-lives if you fail to act. Do what must be done, discover your humanity and your love of Revolution. Pass on the torch. Join us, give your life for the people.” – George Jackson

The month of August bursts at the seams with histories of Black resistance – from the Haitian Revolution to the Nat Turner Rebellion, from the Fugitive Slave Law Convention and the foundation of the Underground Railroad to the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, from the March on Washington to the Watts Uprising, from the births of Marcus Garvey, Russell Maroon Shoatz and Fred Hampton to the deaths of W.E.B. du Bois and George Jackson’s own younger brother Jonathan, killed while attempting to free the Soledad Brothers from prison.

We celebrate Black August, commemorating the anniversary of George Jackson’s death while understanding his life as a revolutionary in a long and unbroken line of resistance and sacrifice of Black people throughout history.

Following Critical Resistance ally and San Quentin Six veteran Sundiata Tate’s description of Black August as a time to “embrace the principles of unity, self-sacrifice, political education, physical training and resistance,” Critical Resistance’s work this August moves in that spirit. We continue to join forces across California and in New Orleans to build a unified force to oppose the construction of new cages and the expansion of the numbers of people locked in cages.

We persist in advocating for the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation to meet the demands related to the 2011 and 2013 hunger strikes throughout California’s prisons. The latest issue of The Abolitionist extends CR’s education and communications efforts on both sides of prison walls with a new issue focused on surveillance.

Sundiata Tate of the San Quentin Six describes Black August as a time to “embrace the principles of unity, self-sacrifice, political education, physical training and resistance.”

Through our work with Stop the Injunctions Coalition, we contribute to neighborhood spaces such as community gardens in which neighbors can work together to provide the resources they need to stay physically healthy and strong.

In all our work, resistance is the core. We know that in order to eliminate the prison industrial complex, our spirit of resistance must be continually regenerated and reinvigorated. Through the combined effort by our members, donors and allies, Critical Resistance hopes to honor the legacy of George Jackson and the spirit of Black August all year long.

As we are entering Black August, a significant month for prisoners and those of us on the outside to engage in disciplined reflection and study, and to honor those who have struggled before us – particularly from the rich legacies of Black resistance – we take time to uplift two of the most important and powerful prisoner-led actions in recent history. July 2018 marks the fifth and seventh anniversaries of the monumental California prisoner hunger strikes.

After years of planning, coordination and organizing, prisoners held in Pelican Bay State Prison’s solitary confinement units launched a hunger strike on July 1, 2011, with Five Core Demands that drew 6,600 participants. On the second strike later that year, over 12,000 people participated.

Prisoners held in Pelican Bay State Prison’s solitary confinement units launched a hunger strike on July 1, 2011, with Five Core Demands that drew 6,600 participants. On the second strike later that year, over 12,000 people participated. The strike that began on July 8, 2013, proved to be the largest prisoner hunger strike in history with over 30,000 people refusing meals across California prisons and beyond.

Despite promises, the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) failed to meet any demands. The imprisoned strike leaders, known as the Short Corridor Collective, responded by calling for a strike that began on July 8, 2013, which proved to be the largest prisoner hunger strike in history with over 30,000 people refusing meals across California prisons and beyond.

Sitawa Nantambu Jamaa, one of the four “main reps” of the hunger strikes, hugs his sister, Marie Levin, for the first time in 31 years. For 31 years, he never felt a friendly touch. He says that as he hugged his sister, he thought of the 16 close family members he had lost during those years, including his mother, in 2014.

At the onset of the first strike, Sitawa Natambu Jamaa, one of the four main prisoner representatives and leaders, stated, “I’m here today to tell you that every race in Pelican Bay and throughout the California prison system, that we are one united fist in solidarity in this hunger strike.” The sentiment of racial unity was amplified with the Short Corridor Collective’s drafting of the Agreement to End Hostilities in 2012, a historic document that called for solidarity and an end to fighting and conflict between racial groups in prisons. The Agreement continues to hold up across the California prison system and beyond.

The strikes galvanized people across the country, garnered international solidarity and attention, and put the spotlight on the torturous reality of solitary confinement. Significantly, prisoners’ family members and loved ones took the charge in leading the outside organizing in support of the strikers. Ultimately, a victorious legal settlement was achieved in 2015 that achieved many gains against solitary in California.

Sitawa’s sister Marie Levin writes: “The lawsuit of 2012, Ashker v. Brown, also played a significant role in releasing hundreds of prisoners from the Security Housing Unit into General Population. I was one of the many family members who was able to hug my loved one for the first time in decades.

“We must continue to deliberately fight for what was achieved and not lose any ground. We must gain more ground through public exposure and join forces with all of our past and present allies.”

Beyond the powerful movement that the California prisoner hunger strikes built and were a part of, they offer all of us invaluable lessons for organizing across prison walls, and the importance of long-term, sustained movement building. The fight for liberation and abolition is a protracted struggle, and we continuously seek to honor, learn from and build on our collective resistance to the prison industrial complex.

Critical Resistance, a national grassroots organization working to abolish the prison industrial complex, can be reached at Critical Resistance, 1904 Franklin St., Suite 504, Oakland, CA 94612, 510-444-0484 or crnational@criticalresistance.org.

All out for California Prisoner Hunger Strike 2013

Black August and Black Rebellion by TheRealNews on Aug. 31, 2017: In celebration of Black August, Leaders of A Beautiful Struggle and the Great Blacks in Wax Museum organized a symposium in Baltimore to talk about various strategies for Black liberation.

 

PHOTO: Sitawa Nantambu Jamaa, sis Marie Levin 1st hug 31 years, cropped to delete caption (16)

CAPTION: Sitawa Nantambu Jamaa, one of the four “main reps” of the hunger strikes, hugs his sister, Marie Levin, for the first time in 31 years. For 31 years, he never felt a friendly touch. He says that as he hugged his sister, he thought of the 16 close family members he had lost during those years, including his mother, in 2014.

 

 

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