“Spending on prisons has grown from 5 percent to 10 percent of our General Fund spending, doubling in the past decade,” said Lisa Marie Alatorre of Critical Resistance, a CURB member organization. “Locking up too many people for too long does not contribute to public safety and is draining essential resources from education and health care – programs that make a real difference to Californians.” California remains billions of dollars in debt.
In response to the Supreme Court’s decision to uphold a lower court ruling in Brown v. Plata, California has been ordered to reduce its lethally crowded prison system in the next two years. The governor’s plan is to shift tens of thousands of prisoners to county jails, building tens of thousands more jail cells and thousands more high-security prison cells.
In response to the Supreme Court’s decision to uphold a lower court ruling in Brown v. Plata, California has been ordered to reduce its lethally crowded prison system in the next two years.
“It looks like Gov. Brown wants to do nothing but repeat the mistakes of the last 30 years,” said Debbie Reyes of California Prison Moratorium Project, another CURB member organization. “We built 23 massive prisons and that didn’t solve overcrowding. Now he wants to extend that failed effort by expanding county jail systems. Like the Supreme Court said, you can’t build your way out of this problem.”
The various rallies, marches, speak-outs and other actions across the state fall on the 40-year anniversary of President Richard Nixon’s declaration of a “war on drugs,” a policy that many experts have shown to wreak havoc in low income communities and communities of color. “The Plata decision is a real opportunity for our state to reverse decades of racist ‘tough-on-crime’ policies,” says Rodrigo “Froggy” Vasquez of Students for Sensible Drug Policy. “We are tired of being politically ignored. We need leadership in Sacramento with the guts to get smart, end the war on drugs and decriminalize drug possession.”
“We are tired of being politically ignored. We need leadership in Sacramento with the guts to get smart, end the war on drugs and decriminalize drug possession.”
Texas, New York and Michigan, among other states, have successfully reduced their prison budgets and populations while increasing public safety. CURB argues California could do the same by implementing parole and sentencing reforms such as amending or repealing three strikes laws.
California organizations outline smart, safe prison population reduction strategies
by Emily Harris
Oakland – In response to the May 23 Supreme Court ruling on California prison overcrowding, a statewide alliance of over 40 organizations known as Californians United for a Responsible Budget (CURB) is pushing the state to take up a number of strategies that would make substantial reductions in the prison population while potentially freeing up billions of dollars for programs and services devastated by California’s budget crisis.
CURB, which works to both shrink California’s prison population and end costly prison and jail construction, released “The Budget for Humanity” in March of this year. “The Budget for Humanity” outlines a series of smart and safe strategies that California could push forward to reduce the prison population in compliance with the Supreme Court decision. These strategies include:
- Reforming drug sentencing laws by making possession of small amounts of drugs a misdemeanor instead of a felony.
- Eliminating return-to-custody as a sanction for administrative and technical parole violations.
- Making low-level, non-violent property offenses misdemeanors instead of “wobblers” which can be charged as a felony.
- Repealing or amending the three strikes law so that the second and third strike must also be classified as “serious or violent.”
- Providing education and/or job training to every person in prison.
- Expanding “good time” credits.
- Providing independent community-based drug, mental health treatment and reentry services to people coming home from prison.
- Releasing or discharging all people who are terminally ill and permanently medically incapacitated by expanding medical parole and utilizing compassionate release.
- Releasing elderly prisoners.
- Paroling term-to-life prisoners who are parole eligible.
- Amending or repealing juvenile life without parole convictions
- Releasing people who are “mentally ill” to community-based mental health treatment programs.
CURB points out that most of these strategies have been safely and sustainably implemented in other states across the U.S. Additionally, CURB’s Budget for Humanity argues vehemently against jail and prison bed expansion to address overcrowding. CURB calls prison and jail construction a “false solution” to the Supreme Court ruling and continues to criticize the billions of dollars of prison construction spending authorized by California’s controversial AB 900 lease revenue bond.
To view CURB’s 50 ways to reduce the number of people in prison in California visit http://curbprisonspending.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/50waysCurb.pdf.
Emily Harris is statewide coordinator for Californians United for a Responsible Budget (CURB). She can be reached at (510) 435-1176 or firstname.lastname@example.org.