by Harrison Chastang
An audience of over 100 people turned out for a panel discussion Saturday at the San Francisco West Bay Conference Center on Fillmore Street entitled “The State of Black San Francisco.” The consensus of the panelists and the audience was that a combination of violence, economics and lack of Black leadership has contributed to a situation that could soon turn San Francisco into a city with only a handful of very rich and very poor African Americans.
The makeup of the panel’s 10 speakers was unusual in that instead of the usual Black task force contingent of ministers, City Hall insiders, elected and appointed officials, the “State of Black San Francisco” panel consisted of community activists, policy analysts and representatives of community based non-profits working with at-risk Black communities.
There were no Black San Francisco elected officials in attendance – District Attorney Kamala Harris, Supervisor Sophie Maxwell, San Francisco School Board member Kim-Shree Maufus and Community College Board member Anita Greer are The City’s four Black elected officials – and only a few of The City’s African American department heads or commissioners attended. The only elected official in the audience was Assemblyman Mark Leno, who stopped by on his way to Gay Pride events elsewhere in The City.
The City’s housing market was cited as a key issue for the demise of San Francisco’s African American community. Panelist Ed Donaldson of the San Francisco Housing Development Corp. said the southeast section of San Francisco, which has the most Black homeowners in The City, also has the highest foreclosure rate in San Francisco. Donaldson said that while the overall San Francisco foreclosure rate is low, at about 1 percent – one of the lowest foreclosure rates in the state – the foreclosure rate in the southeast section of the city is much higher, at about 5 percent.
Donaldson said foreclosures are having a “devastating” impact on communities where the majority of Black San Franciscans live. Donaldson hoped various federal and state programs would help Black San Francisco residents facing foreclosures keep their homes.
San Francisco Housing Development Corp. CEO Regina Davis said that in the 1990s and during most of this decade homeowners and low income residents stayed in San Francisco while Black renters who moved out of apartments left San Francisco to take advantage of less expensive housing opportunities in Oakland and other communities outside of San Francisco. Davis said that despite the gloom and doom headlines about the current credit crunch and high housing prices in San Francisco, her non-profit was soon breaking ground for affordable condos on Third Street, and that African Americans who want to become homeowners in San Francisco should contact the San Francisco Housing Development Corp. for information on affordable home ownership in The City.
Panelists said that many problems facing San Franciscans in general have a more significant impact on African Americans. Several of the panelists said that the lack of family resources is one of the top reasons African Americans are leaving San Francisco. Coleman Advocates for Children and Youth Executive Director N’Tanya Lee said that current city housing policies have created a situation in which San Francisco could soon be a city that’s unaffordable to anyone not making more than $100,000 a year. Lee said that unless The City does more to make San Francisco a more affordable city, African American tourism industry employees, Muni operators, nurses and other middle class workers critical to supporting The City’s infrastructure will no longer be able to live in San Francisco.
Lee says San Francisco School District (SFUSD) administrators, teachers and counselors have to tell Black youths and their parents that obtaining a four year degree will be the minimum education requirement for any job that will pay enough to afford a house or apartment in San Francisco. Lee said that counselors cannot wait until high school to start preparing young African Americans for the studies required to get a job that will pay the rent or mortgage in The City. Lee says that African American Black high school students need to walk out of high school ready for college or with skills to work in high paid technical jobs that don’t require a college degree; Lee says that’s not happening now.
Lee also said that while city officials make a big deal about efforts to create “affordable housing” in San Francisco, most Black families are moving out of San Francisco because very few of the more than 20,000 units built or under construction since 2000 are affordable or suitable for families with more than one or two children.
Historian John William Templeton said that the decline of Black families is so serious that there’s been a 45 percent drop in the number of Black students enrolled in The City’s schools and that there are more African Americans enrolled at The City’s 10 major colleges and universities than at San Francisco’s elementary and middle schools.
Community activist Sharen Hewitt, director of the Community Leadership Alliance and Emergency Response (CLAER), talked about the increasing homicides of young African Americans in The City and how many African Americans residents, City Hall officials and the media have become desensitized to murders of Black people in San Francisco. Hewitt said there’s a perception that Black victims and perpetrators of violence are gang members or drug dealers; but Hewitt says a growing number of African American murder victims are innocent bystanders who are shot in broad daylight and have no connections to gangs or drugs. Hewitt said that African American life had become so devalued among progressives in San Francisco that issues of saving the trees and endangered animals are more important to San Francisco progressives than the murders of Black people in The City.
Nation of Islam Minister Christopher Muhammad directly tied the problems of The City’s Black community to San Francisco’s Black leadership. Minister Muhammad cited the recent battle on two Bayview Hunters Point Shipyard redevelopment ballot measures, Props. G and F, as examples of how The City’s African American leadership can be easily influenced by special interest groups, to the determent of the City’s Black community. Prop. G was a Lennar Corp. financed initiative to which the community responded with Prop. F, a measure that would have required Lennar, the primary developer of the shipyard site, to devote 50 percent of the shipyard development to affordable housing. Prop. G won by a 61-39 percent margin in a campaign where more than $3.4 million was spent by pro Prop. G forces, a record expenditure for a San Francisco ballot measure. [The Bay Guardian estimates Lennar spent a total of $5 million. – Ed.]
Minister Muhammad said before the battle for Prop. G and F, he had no idea of how close a relationship most Black San Francisco leaders maintained with Lennar and other major City Hall players. Minister Muhammad accused many of The City’s African American city leaders of being “rotten to the core” and charged most of San Francisco’s Black elected officials, community activists and religious leaders with “being in the back pocket” of Lennar.
Minister Muhammad said he had never seen Black leadership in San Francisco organize the way they worked together to pass Prop. G and to defeat Prop. F. Minister Muhammad said public policy concerning African Americans in The City was being driven by developers, a trend that was not unique to San Francisco. The Nation of Islam leader said that African American leaders in San Francisco and elsewhere in the country have been so co-opted by special interest groups that they are unwilling to speak out aggressively and critically on issues affecting Africans Americans in The City over fear of losing funding or political support.
Minister Muhammad used the example of the gentrification of East Palo Alto as the blueprint of how the Blacks will be forced out of Bayview Hunters Point. East Palo Alto was once a low income, mostly African American city across the freeway from Palo Alto, one of the Bay Area’s elite communities that’s also home to Stanford University and nearby Silicon Valley giants such as Google. Muhammad said that after the FBI designated East Palo Alto murder capital of America in the mid 1990s, developers encouraged local police to conduct repeated raids on homes where suspected gang members lived.
Minister Muhammad said that many Black residents not involved with the gangs moved away and law enforcement used “no tolerance” policies to lock up the majority of young Black men in East Palo Alto on gang related charges. East Palo Alto had a 60 percent Black population in 1985 and has less than a 20 percent Black population today. Minister Muhammad says that today East Palo Alto is home to a Four Seasons Hotel and a upscale shopping mall and that developers plan to use similar tactics to move out Blacks of the Bayview, West Oakland and Richmond, all majority Black communities with great weather and prime views of San Francisco and San Francisco Bay.
All the panelists agreed that while San Francisco has one of the highest Black exodus rates of any city in the United States, other cities are experiencing the same problem. There has been a sharp Black population decline from the inner city to the suburbs not only in cities with large Black populations such as Washington, D.C., Houston and Atlanta, but also in Harlem, America’s most famous historically Black community. Blacks living on Harlem’s “Striver’s Row,” once home to Duke Ellington, Adam Clayton Powell and Langston Hughes, say they’re feeling the pressure from redevelopment and gentrification to move out.
Saturday’s panel was held a week and a half before the San Francisco Redevelopment Commission holds a special meeting on Redevelopment in the Fillmore on July 10 in the Board of Supervisors chambers. Legislation that authorized Western Addition Redevelopment expires at the end of the year and this meeting will discuss whether the Redevelopment Agency has met its promises to create housing and business opportunities for African Americans displaced by the 1960s era redevelopment.
Many panelists and audience members in attendance at “The State of Black San Francisco” forum said they planned to attend the July 10 meeting to let the San Francisco Redevelopment Commission know what it can do to improve the “State of Black San Francisco.”
The special San Francisco Redevelopment Commission meeting on Western Addition Redevelopment will be held on Thursday, July 10, beginning at 4 p.m. at San Francisco City Hall, Board of Supervisors Chambers, 1 Carlton Goodlett Place. The entire meeting will be broadcast live on KPOO 89.5 FM radio and streamed at kpoo.com.
Harrison Chastang is news director at KPOO 89.5 FM, 1329 Divisadero, San Francisco, CA 94115, (415) 346-5373, www.kpoo.com, a historic beacon in the Black community and one of the few remaining Black owned and controlled radio stations in the country. Tune in his news show Wednesdays, Thursdays and Fridays at 5:30 p.m. and his jazz shows Tuesdays at 6 p.m. and Sundays at 7 p.m. He can be reached at Harrison@kpoo.com.
This story is published as part of SFBV’s Bay View Archive project, made possible by the San Francisco Foundation. For more information, click here.