by Joe W. Bowers Jr., California Black Media
The Los Angeles County Office of Education (LACOE) will soon announce its choice for the next county administrator for the Inglewood Unified School District (IUSD).
In the job description applicants were told: “The district has made significant strides toward recovery and is within three-four years of being able to meet the minimum milestone for self-governance, offering the successful candidate a rare leadership opportunity.”
If history is any indication, IUSD has had eight state and county administrators – including three interim – in a little over 10 years. The odds are against the ninth administrator being around to coordinate IUSD’s transition back to local control.
The IUSD Board of Education should be selecting the next leader for the school district, not LACOE. But, in 2012 facing the possibility of insolvency, Senate Bill 533 authorized a state loan and gave the State Superintendent of Public Instruction (SPI) Tom Torlakson control over IUSD. In 2018, Assembly Bill 1840 transferred authority to LACOE Superintendent Debra Duardo.
Since 2012, IUSD’s five-member Board of Education has been serving in an advisory role to the revolving door of appointed state and county administrators.
Existing laws governing receivership say that a school district will regain control when it shows adequate progress in implementing the recommendations of a comprehensive review conducted by the Fiscal Crisis and Management Assistance (FCMAT) in five operational areas – financial management, personnel management, community relations and governance, facilities management and pupil achievement.
FCMAT is an independent and external state agency that provides financial management assistance and general consulting to the state’s school districts. Their latest review of IUSD generated 885 recommendations for implementing 153 operational standards spread across the five operational areas.
IUSD has achieved proficiency in just two of the FCMAT operational areas – governance and personnel management – after 10 years under state and county control.
Existing laws give Duardo, with the concurrence of SPI Tony Thurmond and State Board of Education President Linda Darling-Hammond, the power to determine when IUSD can resume local control. However, many Inglewood residents familiar with the school district believe it’s Duardo’s choice of administrators that are failing to conform with FCMAT standards.
The nine reviews FCMAT conducted show that constant turnover of leadership and the number of poor leader choices by the state and county have led to inconsistency in developing and executing effective recovery plans for IUSD, stunted academic progress for the students, and inadequate maintenance of IUSD facilities.
When Torlakson took over IUSD, he said: “The State Administrator will control the district until fiscal insolvency has been eliminated, between two to six years.”
The commentary I wrote, titled “After 10 years it’s time to return control of Inglewood schools to the community,” showed that 10 years of state intervention is not a guarantee that a school district in receivership will be better managed.
While existing law mandates that the state controls IUSD to protect its $29 million loan, the opportunity cost to IUSD of the state’s mismanagement has been significantly more than the amount it borrowed.
For example, before receivership, the Los Angeles World Airports (LAWA) agreed to fund noise mitigation measures for IUSD not to exceed $118.5 million. The state and county administrators who took over have only secured $44 million of the funding, leaving $74.5 million on the table.
City Honors High School is a charter school run by IUSD that was recognized by U.S. World and News Report as a silver-medal finalist. When the Charter Schools Facilities Program was awarding grants for charter school construction, Don Brann, who Torlakson had appointed to oversee IUSD, didn’t apply for a state grant.
But, DaVinci Charter schools, which Brann helped found in the Wiseburn Unified School District located next door to IUSD, applied and was awarded a $52.7 million grant. Had IUSD applied for a grant for a City Honors building, it would have been ahead of DaVinci in line for the limited funds.
Since 2012, IUSD has paid FCMAT about $2.6 million for the nine yearly comprehensive reviews, an expense mandated by the statute authorizing the loan and paid from the school district’s general fund.
IUSD is no longer in financial trouble. According to the latest 2022-23 budget projections, it will have a positive ending general fund balance of $94.5 million and positive ending cash balance of $83.7 million. IUSD owes $19.6 million on its state loan.
In a recent review FCMAT conducted, LACOE admitted that IUSD had made little annual progress and is no closer to recovery today than two years ago.
IUSD has gone without local control longer than any school district that’s taken a state loan. It can no longer afford the compromised quality of education being delivered to students by LACOE’s management.
The IUSD community has been expressing its frustration at school board meetings about the quality of the schools the last 10 years, but LACOE lacks the management judgment to effectively respond to community concerns.
Schools LACOE operates, not including IUSD, lead all California with the largest gap between Black and white students meeting state’s standards on the 2022 Smarter Balanced Assessments in English language arts.
Because statutes governing state loans offer no way for IUSD to regain local control at this time, legislation amending those statues is needed that recognizes for 10 years state and county administrators have failed IUSD students and that it’s in the best interest of IUSD students to have the school board retain all of its legal rights, duties and powers.
The education system in California is based on local control. The new legislation needs to recognize that a statute of limitations has to be established on how long school districts under receivership have to put up with ineffective state management, especially if the school district is no longer in financial hardship.
Specific agencies have to be identified in the legislation with authority to hold the State or County accountable for addressing the slow progress it is making to qualify the district for a return to local governance. Incentives for quick turnarounds must be offered.
The offices of the legislators representing IUSD – Sen. Steve Bradford (D-District 35) and Assemblymembers Tina McKinnor (D-District 61) and Isaac Bryan (D-District 55) have been approached about the need for legislation to return local control to IUSD. The office of recently elected Sen. Lola Smallwood-Cuevas (D-District 28) was also contacted, but no staff was available to discuss legislation.
Support from the California Legislative Black Caucus is also being solicited. It will be up to IUSD’s legislators to introduce a bill during this legislative session for the return of IUSD to local control.
California Black Media, serving California’s Black press, boasts a record of ensuring that the Black viewpoint remains central to all the debates that shape life in California. Joe W. Bowers Jr. and other members of the CBM staff can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.