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What the world owes Congo

November 6, 2008

As human suffering and corporate plundering mount, Congo deserves more than a few dutiful news stories a year

by Kambale Musavuli

Some 250,000 people have been displaced since August due to conflict in the DRC. Two thirds of them are children. – Photo: AFP
Last summer, the national news media announced the deaths of four gorillas killed in a national park in eastern Congo. A United Nations delegation was quickly dispatched to investigate.

As a Congolese living in the United States and hungry for news from back home, I was thankful for the coverage. But since my grandparents still live in east Congo, I would have also liked to have heard about some other recent breaking news items: women being raped, children being enslaved, men being killed and many more horrors. I would like to hear about the nearly 6 million lives lost, half of them children under age 5, that every month 45,000 people continue to die in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and that the scale of devastation seen in Darfur happens in the Congo every five and a half months.

I was granted asylum in 1998. Every day since then, I have appreciated the privilege of living in a peaceful community and pursuing a college degree at North Carolina A&T State University. But I will never forget that my people are not free, or the responsibility that comes with the privilege of living in the most powerful country in the world.

Oct. 19-25 was “Break the Silence” Congo Week, a global initiative led by students to raise awareness and provide support to the people of Congo. There were participants in more than 30 countries and on 125 college campuses, including key student leaders at North Carolina A&T, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Greensboro, the University of Maryland, Howard University, Bowie State University, Bryn Mawr College and Cornell University. Students showed films, held teach-ins, hosted fundraisers, organized forums, participated in a cell phone boycott on the Wednesday and undertook many more activities to raise awareness about the dire situation in Congo. Communities also organized interfaith prayer vigils to ask for peace in the DRC.

Part of the challenge is educating people about the history of Congo, which has struggled to overcome its Belgian colonial past, and the present scramble for its rich natural resources by multinational corporations.

Joseph Conrad’s 1902 novel, “Heart of Darkness,” covered the period in the country’s history when King Leopold II owned Congo as his own private property. The widespread misreading of Conrad’s novel cemented an incomplete picture of the continent as a dark, uncivilized place.

In reality, the source of the conflict in Congo for most of its history has been the scramble for its enormous wealth, not the internecine, ethnic bloodletting more commonly blamed. In the late 1990s, Congo was invaded twice by Rwanda and Uganda with the backing and support of the United States, as documented in the 2001 congressional hearings held by Reps. Cynthia McKinney and Tom Tancredo. It was these invasions that unleashed the tremendous suffering that exists in Congo today.

But it is not just history that needs to be re-examined. From copper, tin and cobalt to coltan – a mineral found in cell phones, video games and other gadgets we have come to rely on – American corporations stand to make millions at the expense of the people of Congo. Dan Rather’s recent report on Phoenix-based FreePort McMoRan’s odious contract in acquiring what many say is the world’s richest copper deposit is but a window into the systemic exploitation of Congo’s wealth.

The source of the conflict in Congo for most of its history has been the scramble for its enormous wealth, not the internecine, ethnic bloodletting more commonly blamed.

There are strong advocacy relationships that can be built on. Even before 1974, when Congo – then known as Zaire – gained international attention hosting the “Rumble in the Jungle,” the historic boxing match between Muhammad Ali and George Foreman, African-Americans in particular have a long history of championing the country’s cause. In 1909, William H. Sheppard, the first African-American to serve as a Presbyterian missionary to Congo, gave a frank account of atrocities he witnessed during King Leopold’s barbaric reign. During the same period, the African-American historian George Washington Williams did the same.

Today there is a new imperative for the global community – and African-Americans in particular – to bring light to the story of Congo. “Break the Silence” week is an apt place to start.

In 1961, Congo’s first freely elected prime minister, Patrice Lumumba, said: “We are not alone. Africa, Asia and free and liberated people from every corner of the world will always be found at the side of the Congolese.”

We must not be left to stand alone now.

Kambale Musavuli
Kambale Musavuli is a Congolese activist and member of Friends of the Congo. He is pursuing a civil engineering degree at North Carolina A&T State University and can be reached at “Student activist focuses on Congo” tells more about this extraordinary young man, and watch, hear and read “Kambale Musavuli on the ‘Forgotten War’ in the Congo” broadcast by Democracy Now! on Oct. 27. This story first appeared at Comments to or online at are welcome, as are comments here at

2 thoughts on “What the world owes Congo

  1. Ann Garrison

    I’m delighted to see Kambale’s story posted. He followed this up with a transcribed roundtable discussion, with other students and Congo Friends from around the world, published in Roots and then posted to the, . The introductory paragraph is the same, but the questions and answers further expand on what Kambale says here.

    May I suggest that you try adding a Yahoo BUZZ button, to DIGG, Facebook, Delicious, and Stumble It, so I can share this there? Yahoo BUZZ seems to be a relatively new, but widely used news aggregate site. I “Buzzed Up” the Pambazuka version of Kambale’s piece, but despite its bilingual, audio, video, and text, and conceptual sophistication, Pambazuka links aren’t yet easy to “share” on DIGG, Buzz, or Facebook. And, I often post Bay View stories to DIGG which I’d post to BUZZ as well if I could readily do so.

  2. Ann Garrison

    I forgot to add that that figure–65,000 displaced people in Congo–is now most often cited as 250,000, and frankly, I’m not sure anyone really has any idea how many people General Laurent Nkunda’s absolutely ruthless militias have displaced since their latest assault, on Congo’s North Kivu Province, which seems to have begun in October. Many UN and other aid workers have said that they have no way of knowing how many are displaced, or where they went, because it’s to dangerous for them to venture “into the bush,” or behind enemy lines, even though chaos—meaning terror, understandable—broke out, as Nkunda’s army advanced, and “everyone ran off into the bush.”

    This is terrorism; Nkunda is a terrorist, charged with every sort of human rights violation, by Human Rights Watch and the International Criminal Court. He is also a Pentecostal “Rebel for Christ,” encouraged by American Pentecostals, and, most fundamentally, a tool of the Rwandan government, which is backed by the U.S. and Anglophone corporations in pursuit of Congo’s vast and geopolitically “strategic” mineral reserves.


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