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Rwandan President Paul Kagame wants a safer Rwanda … safer for whom?

April 16, 2010

by Godwin Agaba and Ann Garrison

Introduction by San Francisco journalist Ann Garrison

Godwin Agaba, Rwandan correspondent for the African Great Lakes regional outlet, is now in hiding, though still reporting. On March 9, I spoke to him for KPFA Radio regarding grenade attacks in Rwanda’s capital, Kigali, in the run up to this year’s presidential election, scheduled for Aug. 9:

This week Godwin Agaba confirmed what I had concluded: that Rwanda’s presidential election is effectively closed; all the viable opposition has been excluded.

Many now fear that Bernard Ntaganda, the presidential candidate of the Parti Social-Imberakuri, may soon be in prison for “divisionism,” meaning political opposition to the ruling Rwandan Patriotic Front Party, and “genocide ideology,” a speech crime unique to Rwanda, which I described here in the Bay View, in “Rwanda’s packed prisons and genocide ideology law.” Mr. Ntaganda himself says that he is in imminent danger of arrest and under constant surveillance, even in his own office, though he has managed to remain his party’s leader, despite RPF harassment and infiltration.

Rwandan security is also investigating Victoire Ingabiré Umuhoza, presidential candidate of the FDU Inkingi Party, for the genocide ideology speech crime, and the government has announced that she will not be allowed to run for office until she is cleared – meaning that she will not be allowed to run.

And the Democratic Green Party of Rwanda continues to be halted at military bureaucratic roadblocks and checkpoints, enduring meeting after meeting about whether they might have another meeting about the possibility of having yet another meeting to determine whether or not their party might finally be able to meet so as to register and field a presidential candidate.

On April 14, the government shut down the independent African language (Kinyarwanda) tabloid press for the next six months. Since 70 percent of the population speak only Kinyarwanda, not English or French, and only 3 percent have internet access, this means that most will have no information except that in state run newspapers from now until well after the Aug. 9 polls.

European Union election monitors are scheduled to travel to Rwanda but there is nothing left to observe except the effective coronation of incumbent Rwandan President Paul Kagame. The election monitors should stay home in protest rather than validate this charade, unless by some miracle “donor nations,” most of all the U.S. and U.K., choose to heed the Feingold Statement on the Fragility of Democracy in Africa and make civil and political rights, and a real election, a condition of their ongoing support for Rwanda.

Rwandans’ thwarted effort to contest the presidential election is also of great importance to the people of neighboring D.R. Congo, where at least 6 million Congolese people have died in the Rwandan and Ugandan invasions and occupations of Congo since Kagame seized control of Rwanda during the 1994 Rwanda Genocide. The silence of the U.S. press about the loss of African life and U.S. Pentagon responsibility is deafening.

Editorial by Rwandan journalist Godwin Agaba

Godwin Agaba
Anyone who has been following events in Rwanda over the last few weeks will agree with me that it is now clear what President Paul Kagame really wants. A safer Rwanda! A Rwanda where there is no political upheaval, no opposition politics, no sentimental politicians, no old friends, no dissent and, above all, no critical newspapers to report the prevailing “peace and tranquility.”

Presidential elections will go ahead as planned in August and when the dust has settled in September, those still living will witness a sympathetic, loving and caring president, a head of state ready to forgive and forget as he embarks on another seven year term as head of state. How cool is that!

Gen. Marcel Gatsinzi will be hauled to court to answer the genocide charges that continue to linger around his back before being thrown into jail. Lt. Gen. Charles Kayonga will be sent to Rwanda’s Pentagon and given a few challenging but less empowering tasks and Gen. Kabarebe will most likely retire. Rwandans will have a newly elected leader and The New Times will struggle not to lead with the PK [Paul Kagame] rigs to set a new world record!

The High Council of the Press will come up with yet another silly document which Patrice Mulama, posing in front of cameras, will read confirming that Umuseso and Umuvugizi newspapers have been reinstated. It will be business as usual and the international community will continue to pour money into Rwanda with the aim of ending poverty and fostering economic development.

Right path? Don’t ask me for I really don’t know. What is clear though is that Paul Kagame, having commanded the forces that he says ended the genocide and helped restore order in chaotic Rwanda, has embarked on a self-destructing campaign. He will stop at nothing to make himself clear and louder to all that Rwanda belongs to him and only he knows what is good for the country. He does not even appear bothered by the idea of ruling the country as if it is some family ranch, because according to what he knows, he is popular, charismatic and knows his country’s history better than anyone else. And who are we to challenge him? What exactly do we know? To him we are rejects who should either shut up or put up with whatever nonsense is being paraded as long as we rise up at the end of the day to toss to the monsieur – only this time, in English!

Make no mistake: The president is in charge. When coup rumors went around a month ago, he was very stern as he was precise in his assurances to his audience that Rwanda will never have a coup. “A coup in Rwanda, never … not here,” he said. If that was a statement that lacked the marrow, he made certain a few days ago with impromptu changes in the army. Gen. Gatsinzi, the hitherto docile defense minister, was dropped for a close friend (former friend some will argue), Gen. James Kabarebe.

On April 14, President Kagame announced a six-month shutdown of these two newspapers, Rwanda’s only independent papers printed in Kinyarwanda, the only language spoken by 70 percent of the population. Since only 3 percent have access to the internet, that leaves most Rwandans with no other perspective on the news but that of the government-run media. Umuseso editor Didas Gasana is preparing for a lawsuit challenging the suspension of his newspaper. - Photo: KigaliWire1,;
Lt. Gen. Charles Kayonga, who many basing their conviction on local media reports thought was under house arrest, got in to replace Gen. Kabarebe. Some will argue this was a tactical move by the man in charge. Technically demote the popular Gen. Kabarebe by making him defense minister and bring Kayonga closer in a more demanding position where he can be checked on and made too busy to even think of a coup.

I’m not very knowledgeable about the finer intricacies of army changes but speculation has never been my specialty either. It is very plausible though that it is much easier to look after and maintain an eye on a chief of defense forces than it is on someone who is head of land forces. For the sake of the issue at hand, I will take what the official version is and leave the rest to you, my readers. Fortunately, there is no official version of the changes, just a routine reshuffle.

Political temperatures in Kigali continue to rise. Kagame continues to impress. He seems very popular with the wanainchi [the people, citizens or masses] or at least it looks that way whenever he pays them visits. Opposition politics in Rwanda remains a far cry. Those who have dared to challenge the establishment now find themselves in limbo fearing not only for their lives but, at the moment, for their political parties as well.

Victoire Ingabire has been summoned to the Criminal Investigations Department more times than she has been allowed to go to church unattended. She is religious, but the government would rather she was not. Religious people get to meet others when they go to church. And when you don’t want someone to mix with others for fear that they will talk about their political agenda, you so wish they were pagans.

Those who have dared to challenge the establishment now find themselves in limbo fearing not only for their lives but, at the moment, for their political parties as well.

Frank Habineza, another of the political hopefuls, a former Rwandese Patriotic Front member who broke ranks to form the Democratic Green Party of Rwanda – a party whose registration seems to bother Kagame more than the poverty in the country – is not having it smooth either. He has on several occasions been in the news complaining about scary emails and intimidating phone calls from state agents who continue to threaten him unless he gets out of politics.

Bernard Ntaganda, who until a week ago was party chairman for Rwanda’s only vocal political party, PS-Imberakuri, was successfully ousted by a party wrangle within his own party that many believe was orchestrated by the ruling Rwanda Patriotic Front.

With these under control, in dissaray, under investigation or currently being accused of one or several offences, Kagame will definitely emerge as the one and only presidential candidate come August. He will achieve what he has set out to achieve – ruling Rwanda – forever. And as long as the elections are held at the hindsight of local and international observers, we will have no legal reason to believe that his victory was manipulated.

The media, which in such an environment would have provided credible evidence as to the real situation on the ground, has been manipulated. Those like Umuseso, who have not been so keen at accepting government tokens, have now been suspended. The six months suspension effectively rules out Umuseso in the media life of Rwandans until, well, after the elections. If that is not calculated, then I stand to be corrected as to whether Kagame is not preparing himself to be the father figure and self-appointed Lord of Rwanda he wishes and claims to be.

Godwin Agaba was a Rwandan correspondent for Great Lakes regional outlet; he is now in hiding but still publishing without his byline.

On April 7, 2010, in his address at the Kigali Memorial Center, Rwandan President Paul Kagame blamed “you,” a conveniently flexible and expandable category, and all those calling for political space and press freedom for the 1994 Rwanda Genocide, in which a million Rwandans died. This is the English language section of his English and Kinyarwanda address particularly concerned with press freedom. For the entire English language section of the address, click here. One week after this address, on April 14, 2010, Kagame’s “High Media Council” shut down the independent African language newspapers that most Rwandans depend on.

186 thoughts on “Rwandan President Paul Kagame wants a safer Rwanda … safer for whom?

  1. Aimable

    In conclusion, RPF agents need to stop claiming that all Tutsis are angels and all Hutus are evil. There are Tutsi extremists and there are Hutu extremists. The Hutu extremists have committed the genocide and the Tutsi extremists have committed war crimes and crimes against humanity. The sooner this is acknowledged, the sooner our nation can find lasting peace.

    Punishing the extremists on one side while praising the extremists on the other side will not lead to peace in the long-term.

  2. Gigi

    Tutsis were massacred in a genocide, hutus were caught up in cross-fire. there has never been any collective intention by the RPA to kill hutus. if that had been so, Byumba would be a tobacco farm by now

  3. Aimable

    Gigi, that is very loyal of you to stand up for your RPA. But you need to realize that there are some extremist Tutsis within the RPF/RPA. Those extremist Tutsis are responsible for the crimes I have detailed above. The sooner you denounce them and make them face justice like all mass murderers, the sooner there can be everlasting peace in Rwanda. For example, 30,200 Hutu civilians were killed by RPF forces on February 8, 1993 (more than a year before the genocide) in Ruhengeri and Byumba. Going around claiming that they were caught up in cross-fire (collateral damage) is not a good idea.

  4. Gigi

    If you start a fight, we will give you a fight that you will never forget- Paul Kagame. And i know so many people are quite familiar with these words. When Kagame says this, you better take heed because he doesn not mince words – consult your records

  5. Aimable

    The 30,200 Hutu civilians massacred by RPF forces on February 8, 1993 in Ruhengeri and Byumba did not start any fight. They were simple villagers, unarmed civilians trying to live their simple lives.

  6. Gigi

    Rwandans have strong and burning policy issues to battle today – on economic growth, infrastructure, health, education, agriculture, industry, services, urban planning, corruption, housing, the quality and effectiveness of institutions of government – the list is endless. It seems that opposition politicians in Africa often lack the ability to offer a real alternative to incumbent regimes at the level of public policy. This possibly explains why they retreat to identity claims to secure political support.

    Sadly for Ingabire, many countries in Africa can afford ethnic politics. Rwanda cannot. In ignoring the lessons of history, she is actually undermining the very process that allowed her to return home. Hopefully, the people of Rwanda will have the wisdom to look at the content of a candidate’s policy proposals not their ethnicity in making electoral choices.

  7. Aimable

    Gigi, do you mean that we should totally forget the 30,200 unarmed Hutu civilians massacred by RPF forces on February 8, 1993 in Ruhengeri and Byumba? Do you mean that we should just forget them as if nothing happened because of “economic growth, infrastructure, health, education, agriculture, industry, services, urban planning, corruption, housing, the quality and effectiveness of institutions of government”?

    I totally agree that the people of Rwanda should have the wisdom to look at the content of a candidate’s policy proposals. However, a solid foundation for the future of the nation requires denouncing all the extremists on all sides. Someone cannot massacre millions of innocent civilians and then start talking about economic development without even acknowledging that they did wrong by massacring these innocent civilians.

  8. Ann Garrison

    Economic growth in Rwanda is a lie. Wealth and political power are concentrated in the hands of an urban elite and the majority of Rwandans are very poor subsistence farmers and agricultural laborers. They most certainly aren’t benefiting from Rwanda’s theft of the mineral resources of the D.R.C., which, along with agricultural export crops, is what Rwanda’s “growth and development” is about. Plus the US is so determined to have the Rwandan Army at their disposal, the geostrategic resources of the DRC, and the listening tower picking up electronic transmissions from the whole Great Lakes region and sending them to the US Embassy in Kigali, that they’ve let Rwanda run up astronomical foreign debt.

  9. Jeremie

    Gigi you are out of mind. Try to make a conversion from your extremism and your bloody ideology,otherwise you won`t have peace of mind. If you are among those who killed innocent people it is not too late for you to come back to repentance and ask God for forgiveness and amend your life.

  10. mugisha

    Remind me Ann, how many times have you been to Rwanda? Secondly, which facts/sources are you using to justify your remark that Economic growth in Rwanda is a lie? Do you know who carries out the survey? Did you ask them, or are you just trying to satisfy a sadist ego by speaking things that you alone knows?

    Facts are that, the UN calls all African countries to learn from the Rwanda mode of implementation of development programmes. There is no society in the world where everyone is rich, certainly not Rwanda, but people’s states in Rwanda are improving day by day… eat that.

    Agreeing to the fact THAT the genocide against the Tutsis happened, indeed is a landmark that you finally arrived to
    There is another theory by someone like you (forgot his name) claiming that the genocide against the Tutsis is a myth…that The RPF created the genocide “myth” to cover up for the crimes you just mentioned above. Now, forgive me but i dont know who to believe. This gentleman gives those same examples, clearly stated but unlike you, he says that the genocide is a myth. lol

    You guys better coordinate your lies. Otherwise, you will sound funny. My advice to you is that you look up the best lie and communicate it to all of you and use it as one sole cause for your propaganda. That may work.

    otherwise, Get some rest, you’ll still get paid.

  11. Aimable


    I never ever denied that the genocide against the Tutsis happened. All I have ever said is that the crimes that you in RPF have committed will not be forgotten either. All mass murderers are mass murderers. Whether it is the genocide or whether it is the war crimes and crimes against humanity, I will talk about the all the crimes until the nation gets itself rid of all the mass murderers.

    I know that some of you guys working at the New Times used to be in the RPF rebellion / army. So, I would not be surprised if some of you guys are responsible for killing the 30,200 unarmed Hutu civilians massacred by RPF forces on February 8, 1993 in Ruhengeri and Byumba. So, I can totally understand that you would go around claiming that RPF never killed any innocent civilians. But mark my words, the blood of the innocent civilians who were butchered by your soldiers will scream until you admit to your crimes.

  12. mugisha

    Interesting Ann. you failed to come up with sources for your allegations. Which drives me to another question, what is your motive when you speak blatant lies that you can’t back up? All i needed was..”this and that authority says that Rwanda’s development is a myth.” But you didnt…so shut up!

    Concerning what you just asked,Rwanda’s gross domestic product (GDP) fell by 50 percent in 1994 following a near total collapse of the economy due to the genocide.

    From 1994 to 1997, Rwanda experienced rapid economic growth (70 percent) due to a return to stability and post-conflict resumption of economic activity.
    The country’s achievement of the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative (HIPC) completion point in 2005 has led to debt reduction, increasing development expenditure. (source, IRIN)

    Real GDP growth rate established in 2008= 11.2% (UN)
    annual economic Growth is at 6% (UN)
    …..and we are still growing, not yet reached the target.

    Aimable, read straight, not around the meaning! Neither did i say you denied that the genocide happened (even if subconsciously you do). I related your allegations to someone on another blogspot who said that the RPF created the “genocide myth” so that they can carry out “their atrocities” On the other hand, you say that the genocide indeed happened and the RPF too committed atrocities. Funny i find it. Who should I believe?

    That is why i advised you all to cooperate and come up with one good lie that you can back up without necessarily contradicting each other.

    Oh… and Anne Garrison wrote something with a stupid title “honoring the dead without honoring the lies” Anne, for God’s sake, do you honor lies? what kind of person are you telling people to “honor lies”

  13. Ann Garrison

    You think you speak the truth just because it comes out of your mouth, Mugisha, as Kagame does? You think you are making a strong, substantial argument by saying that mine, in “Rwanda Genocide, Honoring the Dead without Honoring the Lies,”, was “stupid”?

    Your GDP figure says nothing about the distribution of wealth. Who cares if a handful of Rwandans got rich looting the mineral wealth of the D.R.C. for foreign corporations or selling off its rich agricultural land to foreign corporations growing coffee, tea, flowers, and biofuels crops?

    The deification of GDP is cause of much of the world’s misery.

    Here are a few stats and remarks from a Nations report:

    “Rwanda has made substantial progress in stabilizing and rehabilitating its economy to pre-1994 levels, although poverty levels are higher now.”

    “Despite Rwanda’s fertile ecosystem, food production often does not keep pace with population growth, requiring food imports.”

    (Unchecked population growth is a consequence of poverty, and this statement is a little deceptive because it doesn’t address the use of most cropland, centralized in few hands, for export crops, rather than food.)

    Population below the poverty line: 60%

    Population under $1/day: 37.5%

    Human Development Index: 160 out of 178

  14. Aimable

    “Gigi, on April 26th, 2010 at 6:46 am Said:

    If you start a fight, we will give you a fight that you will never forget- Paul Kagame. And i know so many people are quite familiar with these words. When Kagame says this, you better take heed because he doesn not mince words – consult your records”

    Gigi, if your words above mean that you and Kagame will kill me because I am speaking out against your crimes, think again! I am not scared of you little terrorists who cannot express your point intellectually and resort to violence by killing people who do not agree with your point of view. If you want to kill me, go ahead. I am not afraid to die telling the truth. In the meantime, I will continue to speak out against you terrorists.

  15. Ann Garrison

    This clip of Kagame, speaking on April 7th, and promising a fight, against anyone who dares to challenge him politically, at what was supposed to be a commemoration of 1 million Rwandans slain in 1994, speaks worlds to what an autocrat he is and how contemptuous he is of the Rwandan people. He refuses even to acknowledge Victoire Ingabiré Umuhoza’s humanity by saying her name. To him she is “some lady” and another excuse to play the genocide card, which he, of all people, has thrown down at every table he has come to since 1994:

  16. James

    Since the 10 “Hutu Commandments” have been mentioned in this thread, it is only fair to publish the 19 “Tutsi Commandments” here too. It should also be noted that the “Tutsi Commandments” were in circulation for nearly 30 years before the “Hutu Commandments.” Long before the Hutu extremists, there were Tutsi extremists. Long before the Interahamwe Hutu mass murderers, there were the RPF Tutsi mass murderers.



    “During the skirmishes of 1959 – 1962 in Matanda Karuba-Kibari in the Northern Kivu region, a letter dated 5 August 1962 was discovered in Nyamitaba. This is the content of the letter:

    Since we are a minority in Kivu and since during the elections of 1960 we succeeded in great fashion in keeping ourselves in power by taking advantage of the Bantu’s naivety, and since our smart move was not discovered until later by the Congolese, therefore every Tutsi from every region must be ready to carry out the plan below and ensure that it is widely publicized within Tutsi circles in the “Volcanoes District.”

    1. You should know that the Hutus are similar to the Congolese, therefore our means of colonisation will be applied to both these groups and we will colonize them all.

    2. All the means we used in Rwanda, use them to conquer and subjugate the Hutus of the Congo as well as all the other neighboring ethnic groups. Proceed gradually and methodically because one single misstep could risk provoking their call for the removal of Rwabugili, our national hero.

    3. The primary assignment for every Tutsi intellectual is to carve a niche within the administration, which as you are aware, plays an important role in propagating political ideas among the ignorant masses.

    4. Every intellectual Tutsi needs to make a friend in all the administrative departments in the Republic of Congo in order to familiarize themselves with the administrative machinery with a view to eventually take over the positions of responsibility in those departments.

    5. Since we cannot replace the elected Hutus, let us befriend them. Let us give them some gifts, especially alcohol in order to draw them near. Let us offer them our girls and if necessary let us marry our girls to them. The Hutus will have a very hard time resisting our daughters’ heavenly beauty.

    6. When we will have acquired all the important positions of power, we will be able to silence all the Hutu enemies and to enslave them.

    7. With regards to the Hutu masses, use the blood pact with them. You all know very well that they do not really work. Have we not violated so many blood pacts without any serious consequences?

    8. Take advantage of the naïve educated Hutus and use them as instruments to defend your cause and to campaign for you in elections. As soon as the campaign is over, put them off with empty promises to show them they are powerless.

    9. Every Tutsi territory is required to use fear in order to affirm your authority over the naïve Hutu masses.

    10. We will ridicule the Hutu civil servants under our control and call them ignorant and power hungry. In fact, there will be very few of them since Hutus do not care about the fate of their own people.

    11. Whenever the ethnic awareness starts coming up, let us divide its promoters. “Divide and conquer.”

    12. Let us conquer people from other tribes, especially the Hutu sell-outs so that they can campaign in our favour.

    13. You should know that a Hutu was created to be a slave and that he will never aspire to a post of leadership[. By the time they realize this, it will be too late. Start by occupying regional positions in each region of the Volcanoes District. An administrator who will look out for our interests.

    14. Try to make Hutu government officials to have an inferiority complex.

    15. Those Hutus who care about the fate of their brothers need to be kept as far away from this District as possible. We need to make sure that they cannot have any influence on the masses.

    16. We call upon all the Tutsi youth to join A.J.I.R because if we fail in spite of our finesse, we will resort to VIOLENCE. The youths will be required to support the Tutsi territorials and use terror. They will be protected by our security agents and acolytes.

    17. Through these difficult moments, we will ask all the Tutsis to support the Jean Miruho government, in which we are represented by two ministers. Because the fall of his government is also our fall. Was Miruho not already under our influence?

    18. Fight the Wanades and Bahundes, enemies of our protégé, by using of course, the naïve Hutus. Use all possible means to succeed.

    19. Know that the Hutus are greedy. Offer them a lot of alcohol and money.

    Translated from:

  17. mugisha

    Ann, those aren’t my words, they are statistics. Official statistics. We are growing! We are moving forward pal, hate it or love it.

    Yes, i called your article stupid! “Honoring lies” !!! Tell me, advice me…how can i “honor my lies”? Or better still, how do you “honor your lies”? If you can give a valid answer that doesn’t sound stupid, then you’re good to go!

    Ann, the youtube link you just gave…where exactly does Kagame promise a fight against anyone who dares to challenge him politically? Assuming that you heard his Kinyarwanda yourself, and you didn’t get translations from Aimable and Godwin who could have told you also that Kagame said that the earth is flat and that Garrison is a genocide suspect.

    The 19 Tutsi Commandments. lol. Am sure even Anne herself finds this amusing.

    There are lots of theories out there. One that justifies the genocide…says that the Hutu were scared of the Tutsis and were defending themselves. Another that says that the Tutsis are the ones who committed the genocide and not the Hutu. Another that says that the Tutsis also committed atrocities. Another..just seen it now, that says even the Tutsis had commandments! lool. You guys should laugh at yourselves. You sound so comical. Unfortunately, no one is laughing..we know the harm you caused Rwanda with similar propaganda that you weren’t even afraid to take to the house of God.

    All that Rwanda will do is try and move forward for the country’s development,leave the disgruntled exiled fugitives behind, live in harmony as one people, peaceful with the international community..keep looking for the genocide fugitives hiding in the West…South wherever!

    the 19 commandments…am still laughing. :))

  18. mugisha

    Ann, those aren’t my words, they are statistics. Official statistics. We are growing! We are moving forward pal, hate it or love it.

    Yes, i called your article stupid! “Honoring lies” !!! Tell me, advice me…how can i “honor my lies”? Or better still, how do you “honor your lies”? If you can give a valid answer that doesn’t sound stupid, then you’re good to go!

    Ann, the youtube link you just gave…where exactly does Kagame promise a fight against anyone who dares to challenge him politically? Assuming that you heard his Kinyarwanda yourself, and you didn’t get translations from Aimable and Godwin who could have told you also that Kagame said that the earth is flat and that Garrison is a genocide suspect.

    The 19 Tutsi Commandments. lol. Am sure even Anne herself finds this amusing.

    There are lots of theories out there. there is One that justifies the genocide…says that the Hutu were scared of the Tutsis and were defending themselves. Another that says that the Tutsis are the ones who committed the genocide and not the Hutu. Another that says that the Tutsis also committed atrocities. Another..just seen it now, that says even the Tutsis had commandments! lool. You guys should laugh at yourselves. You sound so comical. Unfortunately, no one is laughing..we know the harm you caused Rwanda with similar propaganda that you weren’t even afraid to take to the house of God.

    All that Rwanda will do is try and move forward for the country’s development,leave the disgruntled exiled fugitives behind, live in harmony as one people, peaceful with the international community..keep looking for the genocide fugitives hiding in the West…South wherever!

    the 19 commandments…am still laughing. :))

  19. Angela

    Mugisha from New Times, I have heard a lot about you! I heard how you think yourself so superior to everyone else. I heard that you think you are so smart and everyone is so stupid, especially Hutus. I heard that you have a racial superiority complex and look down on people who are not Tutsis.

    Well, I can tell you one thing. Just because your ancestors were aristocrats and my ancestors were slaves for your ancestors does not mean anything. If you want to prove your intelligence, I challenge you to a game of online chess on Yahoo. Let us see how intelligent you are!

  20. mugisha

    lol. well well…angelina Jolie of Hollywood. I have heard a lot about you too. You’re not friends with Jennifer Aniston simply because of a man. Looks like we know each other quite well.

    One thing: I don’t think that everyone else is stupid, neither do I think am more intelligent than others. All people are meant to be equal, regardless of race.

    However, we can have that game of chess :) open up one and invite me

  21. Timothy Kalyegira

    Ugandan police is reported to have arrested a Rwandan suspected of involvement in the 1994 genocide.

    Idelphonse Nizeyimana was arrested on Monday Oct. 5 but details of his arrest were first made public on Oct. 6.

    The police spokeswoman Judith Nabakoba said Nizeyimana secretly entered Uganda through the Bunagana area of the Uganda-Congo border using forged travel documents.

    He has now been flown to the northern Tanzanian town of Arusha for trial at UN’s International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.

    “The former intelligence chief, Nizeyimana is alleged to have participated in the Rwandan genocide in 1994 which left about 800,000 ethnic Tutsis and moderate Hutus dead in 100 days,” the Daily Monitor reported on Wednesday Oct. 7

    An arrest warrant for Nizeyimana was issued by the Arusha tribunal on Nov. 27, 2000.

    He becomes the latest of several high profile Hutus arrested since 1994 in different parts of the world and who have been jailed or brought to trial.

    The question of responsibility for the 1994 Rwandan genocide remains a sore spot on the world’s conscience and is an extremely sensitive topic in Rwanda 15 years later.

    Whose side of the story are we to believe? Most world opinion blames the genocide squarely on the Hutu.

    The Hutu have always denied orchestrating the genocide but their voice has been and remained drowned out by the powerful media in the English-speaking western world.

    What really happened during what has been dubbed “100 days” of genocide? The Uganda Record will attempt a full explanation and analysis to this still-troubling episode in African history.

    Since July 2006 when I met the Nyabingi, the Seer who seems to have done something to me and led me to see certain things and meet certain people by the strangest of coincidences and chance, I have come to the following conclusions:

    a) The true story of the Great Lakes region of Central Africa is one of the most evil in modern times. Evil because of the brutality and horrific scale of the carnage and above all, evil because of the skill of the cover up and how millions upon millions of people around the world, from peasants to university professors and media commentators were deceived about it.

    b) Formal education, even from the best of schools and universities, news gathering, even by the best of the world renowned radio and TV networks, magazines and newspapers, is not enough to understand the flow of current affairs. Eventually and inevitably, they let us down, as has happened with the world in failing to understand what took place in Central Africa.

    c) There are things that cannot be understood by intellect and the force of logic and reason alone. There is a type of human behaviour that beggars description and to understand which, an understanding of the core, base, evil human nature is an only key and without which, the observer is left to clutch around for answers.

    d) To unravel the deep and dark mysteries, especially of Africa, requires extremes of patience and the sort of mind that rules nothing out, one that is prepared to countenance anything as possible, from the most obvious to the most uncanny coincidence. One needs a certain understanding of the unseen spiritual world and it is therefore no wonder that the largely secular news media cannot fathom this dark history.

    To understand the story of the 1994 Rwandan genocide, one can start from any of several directions, all of which will lead to one conclusion even before details and research are expounded on.

    The first question, for example, is to ask: we are constantly told about 800,000 Tutsi and “moderate” Hutu killed in the genocide. What is never asked is, what does “moderate” mean when used of the Hutu?

    Might there, likewise have been a massacre, a genocide of Hutus and “moderate” Tutsis? Is it to be assumed that Hutus are, somehow, by default, hardline and murderous and where there are exceptions, the term “moderate” must be used?

    Secondly, if it is true that 800,000 Tutsi in Rwanda were killed by the Hutu regime of the late President Juvenal Habyarimana, is it not striking that this murderous regime would have lived with well over one million Tutsi in its midst, had 21 years to plan a systematic genocide to wipe them out, but somehow chose only three months between April and July 1994 to carry out this gruesome massacre? If Habyarimana’s hatred of the Tutsi was so extreme, how come Rwanda had such a huge number of Tutsi living in Rwanda under Habyarimana for 21 years?

    We are told that within a few days of the Oct. 1, 1990 invasion of Rwanda by the Uganda-based Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), the founding commander Maj. Gen. Fred Rwigyema was dead, killed, we now know, by some of his fellow RPF commanders.

    In all these 15 years of reporting on the Rwandan genocide, why have world renowned news groups like the BBC, New York Times, CNN, and all the other names that stand out in the world of western journalism, not once asked a simple question: if the RPF, after 30 years as refugees — just starting a high-risk guerrilla war whose outcome was by no means certain — back on home soil many for the first time since they were born — could be so divided and be so engrossed in intrigue that senior commanders could murder their own top commander and fellow Tutsi Rwigyema when their war was barely underway, what would such people do to the Hutu, the people they now viewed as their enemies, who had kept them as refugees in Uganda for 30 years, once the war got underway months and years later?

    Thirdly, why do we never get to hear the Hutu side of the story? Why are they always cast as the “genocidaires” and the only time we hear from them is when they are in court in Arusha? Why is there no curiosity to find out from them what they have to say about the genocide? Why, in all the 15 years since the genocide, has not one single RPF official or RPA commander been taken to any international court over possible misconduct of any sort during the civil war?

    Why does the world not seek to investigate the murder of Fred Rwigyema as one of the war crimes of that 1990-94 war? To repeat the earlier point, if top RPF commanders could murder their own experienced and, by all accounts, much-loved commander from his army days in Uganda, why is there no wondering about what these remaining RPF commanders would do to Hutu civilians they encountered in the Rwandan countryside weeks and months after Rwigyema’s murder?

    Many such questions have never been seriously asked, as the western media has lazily kept up the narrative of Tutsi and “moderate” Hutu, figures of 800,000 that were once put at 1,000,000, and no serious thought given to what the sudden and early death of Rwigyema and the power struggle within the RPF at so early a point in their war might have foretold about the mentality and ruthlessness of these people who invaded Rwanda in 1990.

    As the next story (See “Death of Maj. Gen. Fred Rwigyema”) demonstrates, long before the first clashes between the RPF and Habyarimana’s regime had taken place, long before the RPF had even set foot in Rwanda to start their guerrilla war, there was already deadly intrigue within the military ranks of the RPF Tutsi exile community in Uganda.

    It was clan rivalry and would result in the murder of Rwigyema at the hands of Maj. Dr. Peter Bayingana (or Baingana) and Maj. Chris Bunyenyezi. The third man to die was Maj. Frank Munyaneza.

    The question that this article wants to keep repeating is: if there was this level of bad blood and struggle for power within the RPF and it could result in the murder of their overall commander so soon into the war, what havoc would these ruthless men inflict on the Hutu civilians they encountered in villages as they made their way into Rwanda after Oct. 1990?

    The answer to that question holds the key to unlocking the mystery of the 1994 genocide.

    This takes us back to the earlier argument that just as we are told endlessly of Tutsi and “moderate” Hutu, there is another side to this, which is Hutu and “moderate” Tutsi.

    President Habyarimana and his ministers kept insisting on this fact but their voices were drowned out by the international English-speaking media.

    As informed sources will tell you, when the RPF invaded Rwanda, they met resistance from the Hutu as well as the Tutsi. Although there were tensions and rivalry between Hutu and Tuti during Habyarimana’s 21-year rule — just as there are between the Bairu and Bahima in Uganda — they were not of a kind to result into all-out blood battles.

    This is why it is important to answer the question of even if we assume 800,000 Tutsi were killed by the Habyarimana regime in 1994, what were all those many Tutsi doing in Rwanda for those 21 years? Why had they not gone into exile?

    If Habyarimana hated them that much, why did he have to leave it to the last minute to start massacring them? If the Interahamwe could liquidate that many people in three months of chaos after Habyarimana’s assassination, surely they could have achieved it much faster, much earlier.

    The fact that there were French-speaking Tutsi in Rwanda who preferred to live under Habyarimana and who were hostile to the invading English-speaking Tutsi from Uganda is never discussed by the RPF or the world community.

    When the RPF invaded Rwanda, they released a statement announcing their presence and mission. Reported the Uganda government-owned newspaper, the New Vision:

    “The force which invaded Rwanda on Monday [Oct. 1, 1990] calls itself the Rwandese Patriotic Front. According to members of the Front, its aim is to overthrow the government of President Juvenal Habyarimana…They say they are not planning an immediate overthrow but a prolonged struggle which would mobilise the people…The RPF has an 8-point programme calling for, among other things, national unity, democracy, a self-sustaining economy and an end to corruption…They said they had no plans as to who should be Rwanda’s president and that the ‘people will choose’. They said they were prepared for a protracted war: ‘We don’t mind about speed, we mind about getting to the people’” (New Vision, Oct. 4, 1990, p.1, 12).

    That was their first formal statement. Even the pro-RPF New Vision admitted that “its aim is to overthrow the government of President Juvenal Habyarimana.” There was no mention or allegation that Habyarimana was massacring or planning to massacre the Tutsi.

    The reasons the RPF gave in their eight-point programme were fairly plain and basic. You don’t start a civil war and risk your lives just to fight corruption and create a self-sustaining economy, if you are a serious guerrilla group. It is like starting a civil war in Uganda today to “fight the pot holes on Kampala’s roads.”

    It was clear from this simple eight-point programme that the RPF was not a high-minded, visionary organisation. They were trying to compile what appeared to be serious reasons for starting the war and failed to find any.

    Surely, had the RPF uncovered any plan, however vague, by Habyarimana to exterminate the Tutsi, it would have been the number one point among the eight. Yet here was the summary of the RPF’s philosophy and goals and there was no single point on averting a genocide or even anything remotely to do with human rights.

    The RPF’s eight-point programme was an imitation of the NRM’s ten-point programme, including the NRM ten-point programme’s Secondary School-ish lack of depth and broad, historic weight.

    In fact, the almost sub-standard quality and lack of real content in the RPF’s original eight-point programme is the single greatest argument that under Juvenal Habyarimana until 1990, life was okay for both Hutu and Tutsi in Rwanda.

    Where then does genocide and death at a grisly, monumental level start, since we now know that at the time the RPF invaded Rwanda, there was no plan by the Hutu to massacre the Tutsi?

    In late April or early May 1994, the new Kampala radio station, 91.3 Capital FM invited the long-serving Rwandese ambassador to Uganda, Claver Kanyarusoke as a guest on their Sunday evening programme, Desert Island Discs, on which guests played their favourite music and recounted their life story.

    Pike, co-Managing Director of Capital Radio, was also the Editor-in-Chief of the government-owned newspaper, the New Vision.

    Kanyarusoke, a Hutu, arrived on a Thursday afternoon for the recording, dressed in a dark brown business suit.

    At the time, the Rwanda genocide was underway and bodies were floating down the River Kagera from Rwanda into Lake Victoria in Uganda and during the interview, Pike asked Kanyarusoke to explain the massacre of innocent Tutsi civilians.

    Calmly, Kanyarusoke reminded Pike that under the 1993 Arusha peace accords between the Habyarimana government and the RPF guerrillas, Rwanda had been divided into two geographical areas of control, one for the Tutsi and the other for the Hutu.

    Since the world believed that the Tutsi-dominated RPF was a both a strong and disciplined force, fully in control of its area, Kanyarusoke asked, how were we to explain the fact that all the bodies floating down the river, without exception, were from the RPF-controlled region of Rwanda?

    Pike missed the significance of Kanyarusoke’s observation and did not ask follow up questions. Last year, this writer asked a contact inside Capital FM to trace the Kanyarusoke recording and, not surprisingly, it had vanished from the archives.

    What happened in April 1994 in Rwanda?

    In early 1994, the Rwandan capital Kigali saw a sudden rise in violence and insecurity, with many people being killed. The RPF rebels blamed it on the government. Leaders of the opposition Social Democrat Party and Liberal Party, as well as 2,300 other people, were gunned down in the months before April 6, 1994.

    The Ugandan newspsper, The Monitor (today called the Daily Monitor) published an interview on March 25, 1994, with Justin Bahunga, who was the Second Counsel at the Rwanda Embassy in Kampala:

    Q: “The insecurity and violence that has engulfed the capital Kigali, is blamed on Habyarimana. What do you say?”

    Bahunga: “Of course, if you have got two protagonists each one gives his own story. But you should ask: in whose interests would the government of Habyarimana cause insecurity in Kigali?…If you want to rule, you can’t rule by insecurity…So the only person who can cause insecurity is the one who wants to make a government fail.”

    Less than two weeks later, President Habyarimana was dead in an assassination after a surface-to-air missile was fired on the presidential jet.

    What followed is very important in understanding that tragic chapter in African history. Fighting broke out in Kigali and in many other parts of Rwanda.

    Let us read the news reports of the time, starting with the French news agency AFP or Agence France-Presse, in a report from Kigali by Annie Thomas:

    “Wednesday 13 April 1994, KIGALI – Tutsi rebels fought their way into the Rwandan capital yesterday, sending the government, foreigners and thousands of residents fleeing in fear of a new wave of tribal bloodletting.

    Intense fighting rocked several parts of the city. The Hutu-dominated interim government fled its headquarters in the Hotel des Diplomates in the city centre ‘for a more secure place’, a Rwandan soldier in the hotel said. Unconfirmed reports said the week-old government had moved to the town of Gitarama, south-west of the city.

    As the rebels closed, residents emerged from hiding and tried to escape an expected wave of revenge killings by the Tutsi forces. ‘It’s going to be carnage,’ predicted a Nairobi-based Rwandan diplomat.

    The last foreign residents seeking to leave the city were escorted to the airport by French and Belgian paratroopers. France, Russia, Germany and the United States said they had evacuated virtually all their nationals from Kigali.

    In Kampala, Christine Umutoni, spokeswoman for the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), said its forces had entered Kigali and were about to join a battalion of 600 fellow rebels camped outside the city under a UN-sponsored peace plan approved by the government and the rebels in August. She said RPF forces were awaiting instructions to seize the capital, where she said ‘government forces had dispersed, many of them surrendering with their arms to the RPF’. The rebels’ entry into the city was later confirmed by the UN in New York.

    The RPF has around 20,000 soldiers, against an estimated 30,000 government troops. RPF radio said advancing rebel forces had signed an agreement with UN officials yesterday guaranteeing the evacuation of foreign nationals.”

    At this juncture, we pause to reflect.

    Over the years, President Paul Kagame has railed against the UN and the world community for failing Rwanda in its time of great danger. “Where was the UN?” is a refrain we have heard countless times from Kagame in person and many of the top RPF leadership over the last 15 years.

    We now see, in the report, that the RPF’s own radio station broadcast a news item saying they had “signed an agreement with UN officials yesterday guaranteeing the evacuation of foreign nationals.” The UN was cooperating with the RPF, not standing by indifferently as we have been told.

    Secondly, the first paragraph of this AFP report states that “Tutsi rebels fought their way into the Rwandan capital yesterday, sending the government, foreigners and thousands of residents fleeing in fear of a new wave of tribal bloodletting.”

    In other words, as the RPF advanced on Kigali, the former Habyarimana government fled. The second paragraph shows the government, still in disarray, fleeing to a “more secure place.”

    Clearly the RPF was in a stronger position and was rapidly gaining the upper hand in the days following Habyarimana’s assassination.

    Thirdly, the AFP report said “In Kampala, Christine Umutoni, spokeswoman for the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), said its forces had entered Kigali and were about to join a battalion of 600 fellow rebels camped outside the city…”

    The RPF was in Kigali, according to its spokeswoman, within a week of Habyarimana’s death. These news reports were written in the fast-moving atmosphere of the day, and so nobody can claim that because the AFP is a French state news agency, it was somehow doctoring its reports.

    However, just in case some detractors might dismiss the AFP report, is there any other we can turn to for an alternative angle to this story? Indeed there is.

    The Monitor, founded by Kevin Aliro, Wafula Oguttu, James Serugo, Teddy Seezi Cheeye, Richard Tebere, Davi Ouma Balikowa, and Charles Onyango-Obbo was a decidedly pro-RPF Kampala newspaper. There can be no question about it for those who know its history. Certainly there was a pro-RPF mood in Uganda in 1994, especially in central and western Uganda.

    So we can now go to a lead story in The Monitor of April 12, 1994, just six days after the shooting down of the Habyarimana plane. The story was written by Monitor reporters Steven Shalita and Dismas Nkunda:

    “As the looting, indiscriminate killing by the Presidential Guard, regular troops and rampaging Hutu vigilantes went from bad to worse, there were indications that Kigali is about to fall to the rebel Rwanda Patriotic Army (RPA). Information reaching The Monitor from Kigali said an advance RPA force which had been infiltrated into the capital earlier were poised to take the Post Office and the Central Bank…The RPA, which said it was going into the city to restore order and rescue the battalion of its 600 soldiers who had gone into Kigali as part of the peace process, had ben giving out a call for all foreigners to leave within 12 hours if they could…Truckloads of reinforcements for RPA rebels could be seen moving to Kigali from their northern stronghold. By day break [April 11] RPA had easy prey of the Rwanda army. The RPA commander-in-chief Maj. Gen. Paul Kagame told Voice of America (VOA) that his troops had overrun government positions in Mutara, formerly a stronghold for the government forces…In another interview with the BBC Swahili, Maj. Gen. Kagame boasted ‘We are in Kigali and we have had very little resistance to get here.’ Hundreds of Rwanda government forces are said to be deserting to the RPA to secure positions in the subsequent government when the RPA topples the current interim government under the leadership of Theodore Sindikubwabo which was installed a few days ago. A member of the RPF Poliical Bureau (Maj.) Christine Umutoni yesterday told journalists at Speke Hotel [in Kampala] that the RPA will advance to ‘crush’ any forces which stand in defence of the ‘hoax government’ headed by Theodore Sindikubwabo, whether thos forces are local or foreign. ‘If any foreign force comes our way, while we are advancing, we shall regard them as the enemy,’ she said. ‘We are going to crush them.’ Though Umutoni could not commit herself to actual distances, she said the RPA forces are ‘very, very close.’ So far, RPA has faced minimal resistance and has reported 3 casualties and no deaths.
    Reports from Kigali say that rampant massacres by Habyarimana loyalists have narrowed to specific targets, killing whole families of people opposed to their government. The targets include nearly every Tutsi and what has been described as ‘moderate Hutus.’ Umutoni however told journalists that Kigali remains a horror town and condemned the United Nations for their passive role. ‘The situation about massacres in Kigali now is very horrific,’ she said. ‘The UN has failed to control the situation.’ Maj. Umutoni boasted that the RPA had been capable of taking power as far back as February 8. ‘It was capable long ago…even February 8 when we were 30km from the town [Kigali]. Umutoni said the RPA was recruiting several more forces as it advanced to beef up its more than 20,000 strong man army. Commenting on the military strength of the RPA, she said their main source of armament is the Rwandese forces. ‘Habyarimana has always been our quarter master. Even now we are going to use those very weapons he bought.”

    Once again, we stop and reflect on this story by the Monitor. It is even more revealing than the AFP story.

    The reports by AFP and the Monitor showed 1) the RPF in a position of increasing strength, advancing on Kigali and at various stages of taking control or having already taken control. 2) Hutu government troops either fleeing or surrendering to the RPF and the government in disarray. The RPF is reported to be at 20,000-strong while the rapidly crumbling government army, the FAR, is at 30,000, so the two armies are at nearly the same strength. We see, in fact, Christine Umutoni, the RPF spokesperson, “boasting” that the RPF was in a position to capture Kigali as far back as February 1994.

    Take a careful look at this Monitor news story: the overall RPF/RPA commander, Maj. Gen. Paul Kagame talks of the RPF overrunning government bases and positions and, according to the Monitor, boasting to the BBC World Service Kiswahili service that (in his own words) “We are in Kigali and we have had very little resistance to get here.”

    And then, we have the strange turnabout from Umutoni. She was the first RPF official to accuse the UN of doing nothing, and yet all other reports, including one by the RPF’s own radio, were speaking of an agreement between the RPF and the UN to ease the humanitarian crisis.

    Umutoni’s comments at Speke Hotel in Kampala were the first indications of the dishonesty of the RPF. This is why it is so important for research and investigation to become a part of our societies. So much history is distorted and allowed to remain so, because we are not bothered about re-reading and re-searching what we have been told.

    Having now seen, both from the AFP and the pro-RPF Monitor, that the RPF was in a position of rising strength and the remnant of the Habyarimana army and government was in disarray and either fleeing or surrendering, we come to the all-important question: what then happened? Why did the genocide take place when, as we now see, the RPF was in control, or gaining control, of Kigali and other towns and was unchallenged by the fleeing FAR government army?

    If, as we have seen too, the Hutu-dominated government was fleeing Kigali, the army also fleeing or surrendering, how then was this government, falling apart and fleeing, able to orchestrate a genocide that claimed more than 800,000 lives, with the 20,000-man RPF army in control or about to be, but not doing anything about it?

    If Christine Umutoni told that Speke Hotel press conference that the RPF was strong enough to take power as far back as Feb. 8, 1994, what then prevented these former refugees in Uganda if, as they claim, they knew of a plan by Habyarimana to exterminate the Tutsi minority?

    The answer begins to appear when we go to the next news excerpt from 1994.

    Here once again is the The Monitor’s lead story in its April 15, 1994 edition, headlined: “RPA in trouble?”, written by Steven Shalita and Dismas Nkunda:

    “What is happening? Eleven days have gone and Rwandese Patriotic Army (RPA) is still in a bloody battle with Rwandese government troops for Kigali. Parts of the Rwandese capital remain in the hands of The Presidential Guard, regular troops and paramilitary forces to former president Juvenal Habyarimana who was assassinated in a rocket attack on his plane April 6…Anxiety has gripped supporters of the RPA/F cause who view their ‘delay’ to capture Kigali as a sign of trouble.
    On Wednesday afternoon an RPF official told a Monitor reporter at Mulindi, the RPF headquarters, that Kigali would fall in 12 hours, but it did not happen. The rebels have besieged Kigali for almost a week now but have failed to take full control. There is an estimated force of 18,000 RPA men laying siege to Kigali on three fronts. Latest reports say that some strategic hills around Kigali such as Nyamirambo, are in the hands of RPF.

    According to a military analyst, the RPF is being cautious about destroying down-town Kigali. The Monitor was told that RPA was surrounding Kigali leaving only one outlet through Gitarama that could be used by fleeing soldiers. RPF spokesman Shaban Rutayisire told journalist [sic] at Mulindi that ‘It is a question of time and tactics so that we rout the murderous Rwanda army.’

    The puzzlement that Kigali has not fallen is only deepened, because the entire interim cabinet fled Kigali on Tuesday. Interim President Theodore Sindikubwabo and 19 of his ministers fled to Gitarama, 50km, south west of Kigali. A Uganda military expert told The Monitor yesterday that with the murders of civilians estimated about 20,000 so far, most of them suspected to be pro-RPF and Tutsi, RPA has a political obligation to go in to stop the bloodletting…Another source watching developments said ‘The RPA was militarily ready to enter Kigali and there is no doubt they will win the fight within the week, but they were not politically ready.’

    But, on the face of it, the death of Habyarimana and the blood that flowed the Kigali streets was an ‘opportune time’ for the RPF to enter Kigali.He said that while RPA had support, it was not clear whether they had the majority of the people on their side; and now that they were bogged down in Kigali, the Hutu hardliners have been given time to mobilise the people with fears of Tutsi massacring them.”

    There we have it. The story of the 1994 Rwandan genocide, in crystal clear light at last.

    There is no question that the RPF held the upper hand militarily by the beginning of 1994. That much Christine Umutoni, a former student at Makerere University and the then RPF spokesperson, was able to tell a public press conference at Kampala’s Speke Hotel.

    And in case we might want to dismiss her observation as that from a junior official, we have Maj. Gen. Paul Kagame’s own direct and unambiguous words to the BBC Kiswahili service that “‘We are in Kigali and we have had very little resistance to get here.”

    Crucially, according to this Monitor news report, the RPF was so comfortably in control of Kigali a week after Habyarimana’s death that they even left the road to Gitarama open so that it “could be used by fleeing soldiers.”

    Far from the FAR government army embarking on a mass murder of Tutsi, they were fleeing Kigali, as we have already seen and, in fact, even being helped by the RPF to escape.

    The comments by the Ugandan military expert to the Monitor fill in all the remaining blanks.

    Here is the critical passage in the story by the Monitor on April 15, 1994: “Another source watching developments said ‘The RPA was militarily ready to enter Kigali and there is no doubt they will win the fight within the week, but they were not politically ready.’ But, on the face of it, the death of Habyarimana and the blood that flowed the Kigali streets was an ‘opportune time’ for the RPF to enter Kigali.He said that while RPA had support, it was not clear whether they had the majority of the people on their side…”

    It confirms that the RPF was militarily victorious but, being a minority ethnic group, moreover from a foreign, English-speaking country Uganda, they could have walked into Kigali, taken control, but how would they have governed politically?

    They had to develop their political standing. How? By resorting to the sinister tactics their mentor President Yoweri Museveni had employed so successfully in Luwero in central Uganda — commit atrocities against the population and then blame them on your adversary and by that make the population believe it was your enemy who carried out the massacre, so that you gain the population’s support. Classic Museveni tactic.

    A simple question can answer all this: if Museveni used these tactics, of causing havoc in Luwero, dressing his NRA men up in UNLA uniform, in order to convince the population that it was the UNLA killing them, and it worked, leading many Baganda to support the NRA, and we read that Paul Kagame was deeply influenced by the tactics and success of the NRA in Luwero, would the RPF, made up of commanders who had served under Museveni in Luwero, not resort to the tactics they had seen work so well in Luwero when it came to Rwanda?

    Let’s get a panoramic view of events: the RPF advances on Kigali and is within distance of gaining power by early February. When Habyarimana is killed on April 6, the government and the Hutu-majority army start to fall apart as the RPF rapidly moves in.

    The RPF moves in, takes control or near control, then…..silence. It does nothing. It allows the Hutu soldiers to flee by way of the Kigali-Gitarama road. It cooperates with the UN in evacuating all foreign nationals. They leave. The RPF is now in charge of Rwanda. But they sit….and do nothing.

    For three months from April to July 1994, the RPF is in total charge of Rwanda, including the capital Kigali. A genocide starts to take place. Bodies are scatterd everywhere. Tens of thousands float down the Kagera River into Uganda. But this force of Tutsi exiles, most of them born in Uganda, away for 30 years, this force which says it knew of a plan by the Hutu government to massacre hundreds of thousands of Tutsi, is in full control of Kigali, as its own Paul Kagame and Christine Umutoni publicly boast, but it watches…and does nothing.

    It is obvious, given all this evidence, given the fact that the RPF was part of the NRA that fought in the central Ugandan region of Luwero in the 1980s, that what was going on from April to July 1994 was a genocide, alright, but by the RPF AGAINST THE HUTU AND TUTSI IN A BID TO HAVE IT BLAMED ON THE HUTU!

    Are we still in doubt at what happened?

    The Hutus have pleaded innocence but world opinion refuses to believe them.

    That is the reason, totally disillusioned with the world news media’s blindness to the facts, I decided to turn to the spirit world that no human being, no matter how careful or cunning, can hide the truth from. The ICC at The Hague, the ICTR in Arusha, the western media, these are sincere people in many ways, but they do not know what goes on in Africa.

    They are easily deceived. To get to the bottom of the carnage in Rwanda from 1990 to 1994, one sometimes has to employ the services of the same dark powers that the RPF and the NRA used. This is a spiritual battle, not one at the political level.

    This is the evil design by these ruthless leaders, Museveni and Kagame, who, cunning and in some way brilliant, were able to understand how gullible the White western mind is and to spin the story of the genocide and the genocide in Luwero in such a way that millions still believe it was the Hutu in Rwanda and the Acholi and Langi UNLA in Uganda who carried out these grizzly deeds.

    “Hurt the crowd and blame it on your enemy.” Perfect summary of the philosophy of the NRA and the RPF.

    It should be noted that before the shooting down of the Dassault Falcon 50 9XR-NN presidential jet carrying the presidents of Rwanda and Burundi and nine other people on April 6, 1994, the RPF guerrillas had been shooting down of aircraft.

    On October 3, 1990 in Matimba in Rwanda, a Rwandan spy plane was shot down by the RPF; on October 23, 1990, a Gazelle helicopter was shot down by the RPF over Nyakayaga; on September 10, 1991, a Fokker 27 plane belonging to the Zairean (now DR Congo) company SCIBE was shot down over the Rwanda-Uganda-Zaire border area by the RPF; and on February 1993, another Rwandan army helicopter over Cyeru in Rwanda was shot down by an RPF missile.

    Already, even this is starting to change. In April 2004, a team of investigators from the University of Maryland in the United States published a report questioning the claim that most of the victims of the genocide were the Tutsi.

    “The study, which international prosecutors are using, concludes that many of those killed may not have been minority Tutsis, as commonly believed, but majority Hutus… Our research strongly suggests that many of the victims, possibly even a majority, were Hutus,” says the report published in the Feb. 6, 2007 edition of the university’s Outlook newspaper.

    In Dec. 2005, a British-based team of investigators, the Sanders Research Associates, published a report that questioned the basis for apportioning blame for the 1994 Rwandan genocide. There had been claims, advanced by the RPF and their sympathisers, of documents to prove Juvenal Habyarimana and his government had systematically planned the genocide.

    The Sanders report stated:

    “There is a stunning lack of documentary evidence of a [Habyarimana] government plan to commit genocide. There are no orders, minutes of meetings, notes, cables, faxes, radio intercepts or any other type of documentation that such a plan ever existed. In fact, the documentary evidence establishes just the opposite.” (View from Rwanda: The Dallaire Genocide Fax: A Fabrication, Sanders Research Associated Ltd., December 1, 2005)

    It also should be noted that there are two general views of the RPF government. The first is by the mainly English-speaking White western nations who — since they are Anglophile like the Ugandan-born RPF leaders of 1990 — not surprisingly view the RPF as liberating heroes who intervened just in time to stop a horrific genocide in 1994.

    Then there is the French, German, Belgian, and to some degree Spanish view, that questions the shooting down of that plane, has issued arrest warrants for top RPF leaders, arrested some like the protocol official Rose Kanyange Kabuye.

    Since the 1990s and the end of European Communism, the English-speaking nations have dominated the world’s media and diplomatic circuit and that is the reason and the reason alone, that the true perpetrators of the 1994 genocide remain untouched, as world opinion remains hostile to the French-speaking Hutu.

    However, as we are starting to see, America and Britain are on the wane as world powers. Britain has now been overtaken by China in economic size. Their troops are bogged down in Afghanistan. The United States is a superpower that remains so only because its national economy is kept afloat by heavy borrowing from China. American troops are also beleagured in Afghanistan and Iraq.

    When that future time comes when these two countries are no longer influential in media and diplomatic terms, the truth of the Rwandan genocide — which was simply Luwero Part II — will come out.

  22. Timothy Kalyegira - Kampala Uganda

    Who killed Rwanda’s President Habyarimana??

    The incident on April 6, 1994 in which the Rwandan presidential jet was shot down as it approached landing at Kanombe International Airport in Kigali, remains one of the most sensitive and still-unresolved political events in Africa of the 20th century.

    On board the Falcon 50 plane, registration number 9 XR-NN were: President Juvenal Habyarimana of Rwanda; President Cyprien Ntaryamira of Burundi; Deogratias Nsabimana, the Rwandan Army Chief of Staff; a one Elie Sagatwa; Thadee Bagaragaza; Juvenal Renzaho; Emmanuel Akingeneye; Bernard Ciza, Burundi’s Minister of Planning; Cyriaque Simbizi, Burundi’s Communication minister; French pilot Jacky Heraud; co-pilot Jean-Pierre Minaberry; and Jean-Marc Perrine, the plane’s mechanic.

    Interest in France, Belgium, and Germany not gone away over the last 15 years and there is every guarantee that it will keep returning to haunt Rwanda for decades to come.

    On Jan. 11, 2010, the Rwandan government published its report on what could have happened to that plane nearly 16 years ago. The RPF investigation was launched in 2007 and says up to 600 witnesses had been interviewed and thousands of documents reviewed.

    The report pinned the blame squarely on what are usually termed hardline elements within the Hutu-dominated government of 1994.

    The government at the time denied shooting down the plane and accused the then RPF guerrillas of shooting it down. The RPF won the civil war and are the Rwanda government of today.

    The New Times newspaper of Kigali, the best-known Rwandan newspaper, reported on Jan. 12, 2010 that “Allegations from various circles had over the years accused senior members of the Rwandan Patriotic Front/Army (RPF/A) now RDF, of shooting down the plane using missiles. However, the reports reveals that Habyarimana was killed by his own henchmen who were against the idea of sharing power with the RPF…”

    Two weeks later, on Jan. 27, 2010, Jean-Luc Habyarimana, a son of the late President Juvenal Habyarimana, said in a statement from Paris on behalf of his family that “In the absence of a serious and credible elucidation of the 6 April 1994 attack, the Rwandan genocide will continue to be instrumentalised by those who want to prevent the truth from coming out.”

    Various versions of the Habyarimana assassination

    Theoneste Bagosora

    The Jan. 2010 RPF government report says Col. Theoneste Bagosora, described as a Hutu Power leader, was the mastermind behind the missile attack.

    He had been the Director of the Cabinet in the Rwandans Ministry of Defence at the time of the attack on the plane.

    However, the BBC World Service’s Kinyarwanda radio programme, discussing the report on Jan. 11, 2010, questioned the claims that Bagosora was the mastermind behind the incident.

    The programme, for example, asked that if Bagosora had indeed had that much power and access to men and missiles to carry out the attack and he was known to be a hardline Hutu bitter that Habyarimana was making too many concessions to the RPF rebels, why then after the plane was shot down had Bagosora made no attempt of any kind to seize state power after the plane was shot down?

    Missiles from Uganda

    There have also been various reports since 1994 that claim that the missiles that were fired on the plane were taken from stocks in the armoury of the Ugandan army, the NRA, which the NRA had received from the United States army after the 1991 Persian Gulf War.

    Several other sources, one of them a former RPA officer, Lt. Abdul (Joshua) Ruzibiza, said they had been part of meetings in which the RPA’s overall commander Maj. Gen. Paul Kagame gave the order for the plane to be shot down.

    In Uganda — where the RPF originated and from where the 1990 invasion of Rwanda was staged — the vast majority of the population believes that it was the RPF who shot down the plane.

    RPF shoots down several aircraft before 1994

    It should also be noted that the RPF guerrillas had shot down several aircraft before April 1994, and did not deny these incidents:

    1) On October 3, 1990 in Matimba in Rwanda, a Rwandese spy plane was shot down by the RPF

    2) On October 23, 1990, a Gazelle helicopter was shot down by the RPF over Nyakayaga inside Rwanda.

    3) On September 10, 1991, a Fokker Friendship F-27 plane owned by the Zairean (now Democratic Republic of Congo) company SCIBE was shot down over the Rwanda-Uganda-Zaire border area by the RPF.

    4) In Feb. 1993, another Rwandan military helicopter over Cyeru in Rwanda was shot down by an RPF missile.

    So, once again the question remains: who killed Habyarimana and President Cyprien Ntaryamira of Burundi on April 6, 1994?

    Background to the Uganda Record version

    In Nov. 2006, the French anti-terrorism judge, Jean-Louis Bruguière, issued arrest warrants for several senior RPF government officials and military officers whom, he said, his investigations had found were responsible for the shooting down of the plane.

    Rwanda angrily dismissed the report and within days had severed diplomatic relations with France.

    At the Daily Monitor newspaper in Kampala in December, a reporter Angelo Izama was at work at his computer when the reception transferred a call to him. The call was from a stranger who said he had some information on the plane incident.

    He wanted to speak to the Political Editor of the newspaper, Andrew Mwenda, who at the time was at Stanford University in the United States on study leave. The stranger then left his phone number with Izama and that is where it ended.

    Later, as this writer discussed the news of the Rwandan arrest warrants with Izama, Izama said he had received a call from a man who claimed he had information to do with the incident.

    I got the number from Izama and waited for a month before calling him up.

    When I did, he explained that he had important information that would shed light on who shot down the plane.

    We agreed to meet at a secret location, which we did in Jan. 2007. This man, a Ugandan who, with hundreds of others had gone to Rwanda in 1990 at the start of the RPF invasion, claimed that he was an eye witness to the actual shooting down of the plane.

    He said he had been a member of the RPA’s Directorate of Military Intelligence (DMI) and it was the DMI that carried out the attack.

    His story was sensational and naturally raised the question of why his version of the events of April 1994 should be believed over the many other versions that had come out since 1994.

    He claimed to have been the only survivor of the team that shot down the plane and was later arrested by the RPA’s DMI, he claims, as part of their effort to erase any evidence of their role in the missile attack.

    However, he said, he escaped from detention one day after taking advantage of a careless soldier on guard and escaped to Uganda. He had lived for one year in hiding near Lake Wamala in Mityana district in central Uganda.

    His extraordinary story seemed plausible when he mentioned the sequence of events that day, the people involved, the places he mentioned, and although he did not know that I was cross-checking everything he told me over a series of meetings, what he said seemed to match the reality of the time.

    For the purpose of this story, he has been code-named “Water Melon”.

  23. Claudine Mukeshimana

    Ann,can we compare your current Rwandan GDPs to pre-1994?Only then we shall know who did a good JOB?

  24. Gigi

    Mugisha, claudine and all you patriotic, or should i say true Rwandans – and foreigners. These Hutu power cheerleaders are just ready to fabricate anything and throw it at Rwanda with the hope that the country, its people and mostly its leadership will just disappear because all other means have miserably failed.they tried to exterminate Rwandans hoping to keep the country for themselves -and they were so convinced this was possible, but failed. they tried to regroup in Congo, and were convinced they would take back leadership before long because they had the backing of the French and Mobutu, and they also had this feeling that they lost because they were not well prepared (and a myriad of other excuses) and again, they failed miserably and were instead sent packing, and lost the human shields that they were using (may i ask aimable, if RPF was a killing machine as you like to sing, would those millions have made it back-for crissake, that there was the golden chance to exterminate them. Now their last card is ingabire, and they are now realising that this isnt working either. Now the only option left is to start a choir and start singing anti-Rwanda hymns. And they have gotten an able choir master in the names of – the one and only Ann Garisson! Sing on buddies, sing on until you die of sore throats and leave Rwanda to continue prospering in unity without your noise.

  25. Aimable


    You and your RPF buddies use a very twisted argument. You claim that you only killed some (millions of) Hutu civilians, not all of them. Therefore, as far as you are concerned, that is proof that you had no intention to kill them because if you wanted to kill them, you would have killed them all.

    The reason why I call that argument twisted is because the Hutu extremists can also claim that they had 35 years between 1959 to finish off all the Tutsis in Rwanda and the fact that they waited until April 1994 before killing so many of them is proof that they had no intention to kill them. See, this argument does not make sense at all.

    Anyways, I have one simple question for you Gigi: do you believe in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, every single one of the articles in that declaration?

  26. Aimable


    Same question for you: do you believe in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, every single one of the articles in that declaration?

  27. Ann Garrison

    @Claudine: I’ve already told you that I think GDP is a false and destructive measurement of human progress and well being. It’s not a measure of freedom, creativity, sustainability, or well-being. Indeed,quite the opposite, because the mindless deification of economic growth, meaning dollars changing hands, for whatever purpose, is destroying the planet. The Exxon-Valdez oil spill in Alaska gave the GDP of both Alaska and the nation a boost because of all the expensive clean-up work required, in 1989, but it wasn’t an advance. I’m sure the same will be true for the disastrous oil spill continuing now in the Gulf of Mexico. Increases in military industrial production, and all the purchases that military industrial salaries buy, also adds to GDP.

    In Rwanda, as GDP increased, the measure of inequality radically increased, after Kagame took power. Listen to Profesor Brian Endless on Chicago Public Radio:

  28. mugisha

    I know Endless, he manages Paul Rusesabagina’s page on facebook. To me, its all the same circles.

    Concerning the GDP factor, GDP is just a flow of stocks and capital…If the economy is expanding, then real GDP is increasing.

    True. it doesn’t measure all aspects of society. for instance, it measures income, but not equality, it measures growth, but not destruction, and it ignores values like social cohesion and the environment. (according to a statician François Lequiller)

    At least it measures growth, not as you suppose that its a false model. it is not a false is an index on which other models can be added to measure the aspects that it can’t…and Rwanda has all of them. For example, the Rwanda National Environment Authority has its own tools it uses to measure the rate of environment degradation…we are not doing badly. More to that, the other alternative measures to GDP such as Net Domestic Product and National Income exist inside the national accounts of Rwanda.

    GDP is still used, even by the developed countries.

  29. Luke

    Hi Anny,

    You are right. GDP doesn’t make sense when it comes to governance, freedom of speach and democracy. In addition, this figure can be wittingly distorted,

  30. Gigi

    Hey, you guys can decide to measure Rwanda’s development using any criteria you elect; it will all lead to one conclusion – Rwanda is developing at record speed. as for the people who are still living in poverty, iam really disappointed that this is being asked by Ann Garisson who knows that that even in her own country which is known to be one of the most developed – if not the most developped country in the world, there are people who have no place to live, no medical insurance and struggle to get a meal. What double standards! what hypocrisy! What do you expect of Rwanda after decades of being governed by retarded leaders, a genocide and war and only 16 years of reconstruction? Compare this to the US? Ha! Ann Garisson.

  31. Gigi

    “do you believe in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, every single one of the articles in that declaration?” Aimable, its not about believing or not believing in declarations. When it comes to rights, I have my own convictions which i respect. As for those abstract declarations, we all know that they are no more important than a family portrait hung in the living room. Did their existence stop goons from massacring more than a million innocent people in 1994. Tell me why i should consider them important now.

  32. Angela


    1. You clearly do not believe in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. You seem to think that your “own convictions” about human rights are better.

    2. You yourself say that the human rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights are “no more important than a family portrait hung in the living room.”

    3. You do not realize that the genocide happened precisely because these Universal Human Rights have never ever been followed in Rwanda.

    4. You do not realize that Rwanda’s continuing failure to abide by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights will continue to create social tension, which in its extreme can lead to war.

    5. You do not realize that as of today, Rwanda’s signature is on that declaration and therefore the Rwandan government has a moral obligation to abide by what it signed, or else remove its signature.

    Therefore, Gigi, it looks like you just have too much to learn about human rights. And I will not waste my breath arguing with someone like you who does not believe in basic fundamental rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. You can attack me all you want, but whenever I see your attacks I just need to remind the world that you are the same person who thinks the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is useless.

  33. Aimable


    I agree with Angela’s point. Every single one of them. Angela, is it ok if I use your exact words the next time I see Gigi’s comments? Thanks!

  34. June Sina

    @ Ann,

    We Rwandans do not have to the Chicago based Radios to be able to know our economic progress.We listin tour own radios at home and do we even need radios?,we see it, we live it,we experience it and we feel it.How much proof do we need.You dont need Ann or any i dont know American researcher to make one trip to make a 1 week to Rwanda, go back home,sit on his computer and then come up with figures.What we experience in our daily lives is more importnat.Trust me i was there,experienced both the pre-genocide regime and today’s regime, i know how much progress is been experienced by even most remote citizens and above all i can see how much economic opportunity is yet to come.So Ann save me from your Alaska stories,when we talk about Rwanda then atleast let us look around -atleast Uganda Congo, Burundi.

  35. June Sina

    @ Angela and Aimable.

    Your preachings of respecting human rights are good,but whay did you not preach them in the early 1990s? you answer will be that we didnt know then.
    You are saying that genocide happened because the “Universal Human Rights have never been followed in Rwanda”Whose responsibility was that? Was it not the responsibility of the then government to ensure that its citizens learn the value of being a human being? Instead they taught sensitized to disregard of their fellow citizens -preaching and teaching them that a neighbor who is a Tutsi-or a HUTU who will not agree to their ideas is a snake.Is this not documented? can anyone refute this? Was not sung on the radios, written in papers( kangura)?

    Aimable, today you continue to attack the current kigali regime teaching them lessons of human rights.Really? Cant you atleast make a comparison of the past and present?

    Just because they dont allow the UMUSESO to be the present KANGURA? is that why you have rated them poorly in your scales.Just because they dont provide fertile grounds for leaders who use the hate language? Just because they have banned discrimination among citizens and left to identify them as all Rwandans?

    If there was any poor performer as far as respecting Human rights then iwould rather you look into pre-genocide regimes.Iam sure you will have much to teach.Sorry my brother and sister, we are Rwandans( hutu Tutsi and Twa) are now happily married as all Rwandans and no one will take us back.
    From experience, know that the best human rights teacher is ourselves.As the saying goes experience teaches even the dull and deaf.

  36. Angela

    June Sina,

    My concern for human rights is not new. During the 1994 genocide, I spoke out and encouraged my husband to speak out to let the Interahamwes know that what they were doing was wrong. Because we spoke out, my husband got killed by the Interahamwes. The only reason they did not kill me too was because they knew my 14 year old sister and my 9 year old brother were killed at their house in cold blood, unarmed by the RPF forces on April 7, 1994 in Remera (Kigali). So, from my personal experience, I know that both the Interahamwes and the RPF forces have no respect whatsoever for human rights and I will speak out against both of them whenever I can.

    Whether it is the RPF or the Interahamwes, whoever has power in Rwanda and continues to rule without abiding by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, I will speak out against them. Even if it is one out of 30 articles in that declaration that they are breaking, I will speak out against them. It is the only way I will be able to honor my husband who was killed by the Interahamwes and honor my 14 year old sister and my 9 year old brother who were killed by RPF forces in cold blood. In 1994 I had no computer and I did not know how to speak English, the language of freedom. Now, I am ready to let the world know whenever I see the fundamental human rights being infringed upon in my country.

    Aimable, sure of course you can use my words verbatim in the earlier message. As long as the fundamental human rights continue to be trampled upon by the Rwandan government, let us continue to speak out against them.

  37. June Sina

    @Claudine.Im sorry for your loss.Thats your version,we all have different versions of story which were caused by our experiences and thus have made to different interpretations of human rights laws.

    I know that you had to tell a personal story so as to justify your version of human rights laws,but iam sorry i dont share that version.I would have told you a slightly similar story BUT people on this commentary have a tendency of attacking someone when thy tell a personal story and that hurts.
    I dont know whay Musonera hasnt attacked you yet or is it because you mention the RPF in crime-thats what he likes to hear.
    But just so you know my version of the story is clear justification of the RPF respect of human beings atleast and thats why iam doing everything in my means to keep the RPF in power because they value life,they treasure life-they are doing evry thing to make every Rwandan to have access to the basics of life .They are teaching the people love each orther again.This is something i never thought would turn into a reality but it is happenning.

  38. Claudine Mukeshimana


    Did you just ask me to listen to a Chicago link so as to be able to understand the economy of my country? You are a joke woman!!Anyway i waste my time with you because my collegues above have given you tips but all i can say is that you are out of tourch Mum.And thats why you should stay out of our business.Like i said you are doing it for business why we are emotionally involved.

  39. Aimable

    Kagame has been sued in wrongful-death suit in Oklahoma City federal court:

    Even the New York Times has finally seen the light:
    Rwanda Pursues Dissenters and the Homeless

    @June Sina,
    In 1994 I did not stand up because I was a little kid. Now, I am an adult who like Angela is also convinced that true peace can only be built by following the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, every single article. Therefore, I will also speak up against any Rwandan government whether it is Hutu, Tutsi, Twa, RPF, Interahamwe, Other, if they do not abide by each article in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

  40. mugisha

    The UN is a weak body. It makes laws that it can’t enforce uniformly. When an African country needs support, the UN hides. when the United States starts a war, the UN looks on like a shivering baby.

    Just like the League of Nations, UN has reached that point where its role in enforcing world peace is zilch! To me the UN must be gotten rid of and in its place, another body.

    So, you can take all the declarations and shove them up your mouth!

    One thing: “belief” in the declaration of human rights isn’t some sort of religious order for which we have to consciously or unconsciously conform to.

    Gigi didn’t first read the Universal Declaration of Human Rights for her to know that she shouldn’t kill her neighbor. It’s in the conscience. So, aimable, don’t surround her statements with your own choice of understanding. With or without the declarations, humans are called to be peaceful by their conscience, even the uneducated who can’t read. These declarations existed in 1994 when you had the opportunity to use them for a better cause. my google shows me nothing about your peaceful activities in 1994. Perhaps you were a child then? No way! You watched on… or whatever.

    The issue is, you want to say that the RPF committed crimes that are against the declarations.You will keep talking and talking but not unless you come up with believable evidence, you will get to nothing. As far as we know and the world knows, RPF saved our nation. That is it. No more circles.

    Lastly, just some tips to Garrison. George W Bush is no longer president, therefore, he can be tried for violating Aimable’s religion (declaration of Human Rights). Right? Also, am sure you could push for an inquiry on the Nagasaki and Hiroshima bombing that the UN neglects upto now…don’t you think so? Instead of speaking boldly on matters you are clearly naive about?

  41. Aimable

    Oh Mugisha! Aren’t we feisty? I ask a simple question and your response is that I can take the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and all other declarations and “shove them up” my mouth? This is so good! RPF supporters one by one are showing their true colors. It is not a long stretch to go from verbal violence to physical violence. If you cannot control your temper on a web site, who knows what you can do in person? So, the world should not be surprised as more and more evidence of RPF treating people inhumanely comes out. Because the RPF is full of self-righteous people like you. And when you give guns and power to the self-righteous type, anyone who disagrees with anything they think is in serious danger.

    Like in the New York Times video below where even 14 year olds can be jailed on “the island of no return” without trial:

  42. Ann Garrison

    @Mugisha: For documentation of RPF crimes, see The Rwanda Documents Project,

    As to my own government’s crimes, let me repeat, yet again, that the Pentagon’s manipulation of tension to project military force in Rwanda and elsewhere in Africa is the cause of my concern with this. The U.S. trained Paul Kagame here, at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, a school that prepares future generals to plan invasions.

    I’m also concerned about the Africa Center for Strategic Studies at the National Defense University in Washington D.C., which author Wayne Madsen calls “the School of the Americas for Africa,” in his important work “The Recolonization of Africa by Uncle Sam,”

  43. mugisha

    If you were taught well, you would know that i wrote a whole lot more than just that statement
    however, if that’s how all along you’ve been making your deductions, then you can shove the declarations further.

    Let me ask you a question. If according to you whoever is pro-RPF is in the RPF and is self righteous, does that mean that the opposite is also true? That whoever is anti- RPF is an interehamwe and or FDLR…therefore you’re Interahamwe? C’mon!

  44. Aimable

    Mugisha, in your self-righteous mind, you think in a linear black or white way. You think there are either RPF or Interahamwes. You do not realize that there are those of us who are not on either side and who are caught in between the RPF terrorists and the Interahamwe terrorists.

    Those of who just wish that both the Interahamwe extremists and the RPF extremists would just leave our country alone and let us live peacefully and let us abide by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, every single article in the declaration. Those of us who know that Interahamwes are bad for Rwanda and that the RPF is also bad for Rwanda. Those of us who do not believe in using violence to resolve political issues. Those of us who believe that waging “wars of liberation” only breeds hatred, which leads to more hatred in the future.

    Anyways, I know you are very convinced that people who read the article also go on to read your comments, but I think you are mistaken. People come to this page to read the main article. Only very few people will read the Comments section. An even fewer number of people will read through more than the 100 comments here. So, since I agree with the main contents of this article, I am happy that a majority of the people will simply read the article and will not waste their time reading your insult-filled and hate-filled rhetoric. As for whoever chooses to read the Comments section all the way, I have provided them enough information on the crimes committed by RPF terrorists, they judge for themselves. You have also been kind enough to insult me on several occasions, which would give them an idea of what kind of people support RPF.

    Therefore, as far as this specific page is concerned, I have nothing else to add. You can insult me and provoke me all you want, but I am done and moving on elsewhere to continue talking about my belief that abiding by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, every single article is the only way to build sustainable peace in Rwanda.


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