Haiti: Racism and poverty


by John Maxwell

The people of Haiti are as poor as human beings can be.

According to the statisticians of the World Bank and others who speculate about how many Anglos can dance on the head of a peon, Haiti may either be the second, third or fourth poorest country in the world.

In Haiti’s case, statistics are irrelevant.

When large numbers of people are reduced to eating dirt – earth, clay – it is impossible to imagine poverty any more absolute, any more desperate, any more inhuman and degrading.

The chairman of the World Bank visited Haiti this past week. This man, Robert Zoellick, is an expert finance-capitalist, a former partner in the investment bankers Goldman Sachs, whose 22,000 “traders” last year averaged bonuses of more than $600,000 each.

Goldman Sachs paid out over £18 billion in bonuses to its traders last year, about 50 percent more than the GDP of Haiti’s 8 million people.

The chairman of Goldman took home more than $70 million and his lieutenants – as Zoellick once was – $40 million or more, each.

It should be clear that someone like Robert Zoellick is likely to be totally bemused by Haiti when his entertainment allowance could probably feed the entire population for a day or two. It is not hard to understand that Mr. Zoellick cannot understand why Haiti needs debt relief.

Haiti is now forced by the World Bank and its bloodsucking siblings like the IMF to pay more than $1 million a week to satisfy debts incurred by the Duvaliers and the post-Duvalier tyrannies. Haiti must repay this debt to prove its fitness for “help” from the Multilateral Financial Institutions (MFI).

One million dollars a week would feed everybody in Haiti even if only at a very basic level – at least they would not have to eat earth patties. Instead the Haitians export this money to pay the salaries of such as Zoellick.

But Zoellick doesn’t see it that way. According to the World Bank’s website, the bank is in the business of eradicating poverty. At the rate it does that in Haiti, the bank, I estimate, will be in the poverty eradication business for another 18,000 years.

The reason Haiti is in its present state is pretty simple: Canada, the United States and France, all of whom consider themselves civilized nations, colluded in the overthrow of the democratic government of Haiti four years ago. They did this for several excellent reasons:

  • Haiti 200 years ago defeated the world’s then major powers, France (twice), Britain and Spain, to establish its independence and to abolish plantation slavery. This was unforgivable.
  • Despite being bombed, strafed and occupied by the United States early in the past century, and despite the American endowment of a tyrannical and brutal Haitian army designed to keep the natives in their place, the Haitians insisted on re-establishing their independence. Having overthrown the Duvaliers and their successors, the Haitians proceeded to elect as president a little Black parish priest who had become their hero by defying the forces of evil and tyranny.
  • The new president of Haiti, Jean Bertrand Aristide, refused to sell out (privatize) the few assets owned by the government (the public utilities mainly).
  • Aristide also insisted that France owed Haiti more than $25 billion in repayment of blood money extorted from Haiti in the 19th century as alleged compensation for France’s loss of its richest colony and to allow Haiti to gain admission to world trade.
  • Aristide threatened the hegemony of a largely expatriate ruling class of so-called “elites” whose American connections allowed them to continue the parasitic exploitation and economic strip mining of Haiti following the American occupation.
  • Haiti, like Cuba, is believed to have in its exclusive economic zone huge submarine oil reserves, greater than the present reserves of the United States.
  • Haiti would make a superb base from which to attack Cuba.

The American attitude to Haiti was historically based on American disapproval of a free Black state just off the coast of their slave-based plantation economy. This attitude was pithily expressed in Thomas Jefferson’s idea that a Black man was equivalent to three fifths of a white man. It was further apotheosized by Woodrow Wilson’s Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan, who expostulated to Wilson: “Imagine! Niggers speaking French!”

The Haitians clearly did not know their place. In February 2004, Mr. John McCain’s International Republican Institute, assisted by Secretary of State Colin Powell, USAID and the CIA , kidnapped Aristide and his wife and transported them to the Central African Republic as “cargo” in a plane normally used to “render” terrorists for torture outsourced by the U.S. to Egypt, Morocco and Uzbekistan.

Before Mr. Zoellick went to Haiti last week, the World Bank announced that Mr. Zoellick’s visit would “emphasize the Bank’s strong support for the country.” Mr. Zoellick added: “Haiti must be given a chance. The international community needs to step up to the challenge and support the efforts of the Haitian government and its people.”

“If Robert Zoellick wants to give Haiti a chance, he should start by unconditionally cancelling Haiti’s debt,” says Brian Concannon of the Institute for Justice & Democracy in Haiti. “Instead the World Bank – which was established to fight poverty – continues to insist on debt payments when Haitians are starving to death and literally mired in mud.”

“After four hurricanes in a month and an escalating food crisis, it is outrageous that Haiti is being told it must wait six more months for debt relief,” said Jubilee USA Network National Coordinator Neil Watkins.

“Haiti’s debt is both onerous and odious,” added Dr. Paul Farmer of Partners In Health. “The payments are literally killing people, as every dollar sent to Washington is a dollar Haiti could spend on healthcare, nutrition and feeding programs, desperately needed infrastructure and clean water. Half of the loans were given to the Duvaliers and other dictatorships and spent on presidential luxuries, not development programs for the poor. Mr. Zoellick should step up and support the Haitian government by canceling the debt now.”

“Unconditional debt cancellation is the first step in addressing the humanitarian crisis in Haiti,” according to TransAfrica Forum Executive Director Nicole Lee. “There is also an urgent need for U.S. policy towards Haiti to shift from entrenching the country in future debt to supporting sustainable, domestic solutions for development.”

The above quotations are taken from an appeal by the organizations represented above.

Further comment is superfluous.

Poverty and globalization

President Jean Bertrand Aristide, now in enforced exile in South Africa, might be sardonically entertained by a new report just published by the world’s Club of the Rich, the OECD – Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

This report, titled “Growing Unequal,” examines the accelerating trend toward economic inequality in the societies of the world’s richest countries.

The report contains several mind-blowing discoveries which will, no doubt, amaze journalists and policy-makers in the Western hemisphere and keep them entertained for many years.

The major finding is that globalization and free trade have hurt millions of people, particularly the poorest.

Another ground-breaking discovery is that “work reduces poverty.”

One of these days Jamaicans and other Caribbean people may decide to find out whether these theses are true and whether, if they are, we should have signed on to the new EPA with the European Union.

If our ginnigogs were able and willing to read, they might become aware of a phenomenon called the “resource curse” which appears to condemn developing countries with enormous mineral wealth to misery, war, corruption and destitution.

If our ginnigogs could or would read, they might find it useful to discover whether an acre of land under citrus or pumpkins is not more productive, sustainable and valuable than that same acre destroyed for bauxite.

If our ginnigogs could or would read, they might become aware of the fate of the island of Nauru, “discovered” less than 200 years ago, mined for phosphate, returning a per capita national income rivaling Saudi Arabia’s two and three decades ago and now to be abandoned because the land has been mined to death and is destined to disappear shortly beneath the waves of global warming.

Softly, softly, catchee monkee

If our ginnigogs were able to read and willing and able to defend the interests of Jamaica and the Jamaican people, they might discover that bauxite mining will, within a relatively short time, contaminate all the water resources of Jamaica, destroy our cultural heritage, wipe out our priceless biological diversity, deprave our landscape and reduce those of us who survive to a state of penury and hopelessness. Goodbye tourism, goodbye farming, welcome hunger, welcome clay patties.

According to the experts, if you drop a live lobster into a pot of boiling water the creature will make frenzied efforts to escape. If, on the other hand, you put him in a pot of cold water and bring it slowly to the boil, the lobster will perish without a struggle.

Jamaica, on the atlas, is shaped a bit like a lobster.

Bon appetit.

Copyright © 2008 John Maxwell. The world renowned columnist for the Jamaica Observer, www.jamaicaobserver.com, may be reached at jankunnu@gmail.com. This column appeared at www.HaitiAction.net, the website of the Bay Area-based Haiti Action Committee.


  1. Some of the accusations you have in this piece are not backed up by evidence. Having been deployed to Haiti in 1994 and working there every year since with my foundation, I find it hard to believe that you hold Aristide to the level you do. Most facts would indicate that if Aristide did not leave the country, he would have been assasinated. We gave him the option to leave the country. He was not kidnapped. My information may or may not be true. If I am wrong, then why hasn’t Haiti allowed Aristide to return? Is it that they cannot guarantee his safety?

  2. While Aristide was in office, my foundation was never allowed a meeting with him. He lived a lavish life with beautiful mansions, more than that was needed to sustain a comfortable life as president. He began as a great president, but fell into the life of the burgeous. Preval, although not as popular as a linguist, has maintained a less colorful lifestyle working with the interest of the Haitian people as his first priority. All he needs now are the resources needed to do the project that are so much needed in this country.

    Paul Cormier

  3. The worst thing that could happen to Haiti would be that there would be more minerals or other valuables discovered there, that would make it, again, of real interest to the U.S. and Europe, or any other nations whose leadership will ALWAYS devastate any nation that has something powerful nations may desire.

    Even a passing fancy for something to be found in a small nation, is as great a danger to the smaller nation as is beauty in a peasant maiden if discovered by a wealthy or “noble” landowner. The more powerful nations will rape and ravish until the victim of their greed and ruthlessness becomes used-up and ugly in the eyes of the ravisher. There will be no “noblesse oblige,”—no slightest inclination of the ravisher to restore its victim to health and self-sustenance. Such notions now have been recognized as “unrealistic.”

    Although I am a Christian, it occurs to me as I write this, that the ravisher in today’s world is extremely likely to be a “Christian,” (man or nation) who later will refer to the ravished girl or nation as inferior, without character, and responsible for its (her) own destruction.

  4. Mr. Cormier might have something to say but is he willing to tell the truth? Questions:
    1) Who would assassinate Aristide?
    2) Who would have been behind the assassination?
    3) Why would he have been assassinated?
    4) Why was it important for Aristide to meet with Mr. Cormier?
    5) The way it is and has been for years now, who is helping who in Haiti?
    The Haitian people did not send Aristide into exile. Mr. Cormier knows that. Mr. Cormier is an intelligent man. He knows who refused Aristide to even talk to his friends in Haiti while in exile. Mr. Cormier should know that President Thabo Mbeki received specific order not to give telephone access to Aristide.

  5. Preval wins approval because he is willing to go with the system. Betraying his own people, and country for power, closing his eyes to allow the predators to ruin the country. Free Enterprise zone, free trade agreement, Fort Liberte for grab, Mole St Nocolas…, Wow!!!the aggressor cries: “Long Live Rene!! Preval For King!!(King of dust, pssst,he has lost his mind!)

  6. Holly,
    The nails have been hit. Neocolonialism in full force,the batlle ground for greed, impotence of local politics, favor to the allies:the would-be elites, destructions of the “masses” poor, no child support to the foreigh fathers of the occupation, the rapists and the abusers of young girls and children are ignored, Haiti has seen the worst nightmares.

  7. Holly,
    The nails have been hit. Neocolonialism in full force,the batlle ground for greed, impotence of local politics, favor to the allies:the would-be elites, destructions of the “masses” poor, no child support from the foreigh fathers of the occupation, the rapists and the abusers of young girls and children are ignored,No prosecutions, Haiti has seen the worst nightmares.

  8. It’s sad to see all of these negative posts. I’m sure these people spend most of their income trying to make a difference in Haiti, or do they? Most of the time I get replies from people who have a certain mind set and are unwilling to entertain a different point of view. Words only can not change a nation. Aristide proved that. You ask “who would assasinate Aristide?” I’m sure Guy Phillipe or his group just may have an interst. I don’t know were You got the idea that I should meet with Aristide. If you haven’t studied the history of Haiti you may want to start. This country has been unable to improve because of a government that is greedy and corrupt. There have been the same seven families that have ruled this country since back in the days following slavery. I think the best thing we can do is not curse the darkness, but start trying to make a difference by volunteers your minds and your resources to make a difference, one Haitian at a time. If we can educate the children of Haiti, maybe we can improve their way of life and the way of life of their families.

    Our evil discussions, blaming each other, will do nothing to improve Haiti. We must be positive and do what we can, as individuals, to make a positive difference in this wonderful little country, filled with wonderful resilient people.

  9. e the darkness, but start trying to make a difference by volunteers your minds and your resources to make a difference, one Haitian at a time. If we can educate the children of Haiti, maybe we can improve their way of life and the way of life of their families.

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