by B.K. Kumbi

Why should we have faith and hope? Rwanda’s M23 has finally been defeated in DR Congo, but what are we to make of DR Congo negotiating with M23, not Rwanda’s Kagame and Uganda’s Museveni? M23 was commanded by Rwanda’s top military officers and officials, but its collaboration with Uganda is clear to anyone who gives the Great Lakes Region any attention, as is Rwanda and Uganda’s collaboration with the Western powers.

Congolese celebrate defeat of M23 by Congolese, UN forcesA woman I admire, Josephine Apira, an Acholi from Uganda, was telling me some time ago that they, Ugandans, have seen the monstrous death they suffered go from Uganda to Rwanda and then from both Uganda and Rwanda to DRC, my country, the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Uganda’s Yoweri Museveni has managed to commit genocide against Acholi people, Luwero people, and Rwanda’s Kagame has managed to commit genocide against Hutu people (YES!), with the help of the United States, Great Britain, Canada and Belgium.

And they have all managed to commit genocide against Congolese people. Rwanda’s military dictator, Paul Kagame, is known as President Paul Kagame because of his sham elections, but even he himself has said that “Genocide in Rwanda – the causes of it are not Rwandan, are not African. The genocide has its roots somewhere else.”

Paul Kagame has said that “Genocide in Rwanda – the causes of it are not Rwandan, are not African. The genocide has its roots somewhere else.”

Why somewhere else? Because Western powers wanted to control Congo’s vast resource wealth: its oil, gas, timber, cropland, hypdropower and minerals. Most of all they want to control Congo’s “geological scandal,” its unimaginably rich mineral resources, which are so essential to civilian and military technologies existing now and in the future. This has been the cause of Congo’s tragedy since colonialism.

But Congo has not fallen yet. Congolese people continue to resist this evil. Is it our determination to keep our land? Is it the courage of the men, women, children of the Kivus? Is it the love we have for our country? Is it our foolishness sometimes? I can’t answer.

The only thing I know is that this dirty game that our oppressors play does not go as smoothly as they want it to. So, my dear Congolese, Ugandan, Rwandan brothers and sisters, let’s go on resisting.

BK Kumbi-2I will share something I heard on the Voice of America, on Straight Talk Africa’s report on the Congolese and U.N. forces’ defeat of Rwanda’s M23 in the Kivus: Africans don’t need rulers. Africans need leaders.

President Obama has said, “Africa doesn’t need strong men. Africa needs strong institutions.” Whatever else President Obama has said or done, he was right about that.

But it’s not the West’s responsibility to build our institutions or impose theirs on us. That is our responsibility, but the West should cease its mighty military manipulations on behalf of its mighty corporations and let us set about our work. The consequence will be a more peaceful, sustainable world for everyone, North and South, East and West, within and beyond African borders.

BK Kumbi is a Congolese historian and activist who lives in Geneva, Switzerland. This story originally appeared on Black Star News.



  1. The Congolese army is reportedly now focusing on fighting the Hutu genocide group called the FDLR. The FDLR wants to continue the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi. They operate mainly inside eastern Congo, and they must be stopped.

      • It's a jungle out there. On the bright side, m23 has surrendered. Now, Rwanda-wise, there's the FDLR left. The Congolese army is now going to focus efforts to defeat the FDLR. I think there may have been some kind of deal made. Maybe like, 'm23 will quit if you fight the FDLR.'

  2. These same powers exercised pressure to bring an end to M23 activities. Any one who honestly thinks that FARDC “defeated” M23 is completely nuts. Why do you think Makenga could cross to Uganda with 1,700? Virtually his full force of 2,000 is still intact. The same disorganized FARDC? This time the pressure created on Rwanda especially was too much and so they pulled back. Don’t celebrate just yet.

  3. To Seamus,

    FDLR didn't commit genocide as you think, if you want to know what happened in 1990 20 years ago ask, Theogene Rudasingwa, Nyamwasa, and Karegeya who were in the fight then and they will tell you. FDLR as a group didn't do it.

  4. This is bordering on the bizarre. This paper and its authors are rabidly anti-m23, but won't say a word against the FDLR. Are you like on their side or something??

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