Another look at Martin Luther King Jr.

by Norman (Otis) Richmond aka Jalali

“I imagine you already know that I am much more socialistic in my economic theory than capitalistic,” Martin Luther King Jr. said in a letter to his future wife Coretta Scott on July 18, 1953.

Kwame-Nkrumah-Martin-Luther-King-030657, Another look at Martin Luther King Jr., Culture Currents
Kwame Nkrumah invited King to Ghana’s independence celebration on March 6, 1957.

While it could be argued that El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Malcolm X) aka Omowale was “Blacker than Dr. King,” a case can be made that King put two and two together before our Black Shining Prince. Comrade George Jackson implied this in a letter from Soledad prison to Angela Davis on June 4, 1970.

Jackson wrote, “It’s no coincidence that Malcolm X and M.L. King died when they did. Malcolm X had just put it together (two and two). I seriously believe King knew all along but was holding out and presenting the truth in such a way that it would affect the most people situationally without getting them damaged by gunfire.”

“You remember what was on his lips when he died. Vietnam and economics, political economy … If what I said about M.L. King is true, and I’m going to put it down as if I were positive that it is, he was really on our side (the billions of righteous) and his image can be used. (I mean we can use just that to claim him, and use his last statements and his image) … to strengthen ours. And Malcolm can also be “reformed” … I’ll be easy with it, slip it in like it was just common knowledge that King was a Maoist.”

Cornel West’s 2015 volume “The Radical King” talks about imperialist America’s efforts to take the sting out of his message: “This book unearths a radical King that we can no longer sanitize.”

Muhammad Ahmad’s (Maxwell Curtis Stanford Jr.) “We Will Return in the Whirlwind: Black Radical Organizations 1960-1975” and Kwame Ture’s (Stokely Carmichael’s) “Ready for Revolution: The Life and Struggles of Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture)” and Omali Yeshitela’s books document how RAM (Revolutionary Action Movement), SNCC (Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee) and the Junta of Militant Organizations (Jomo) came to oppose the illegal war in Vietnam.

Martin-Luther-King-Coretta-in-Ghana-for-independence-Kwame-Nkrumahs-swearing-in-030657-262x300, Another look at Martin Luther King Jr., Culture Currents
Coretta Scott King accompanied Dr. King to Ghana for the swearing in of President Kwame Nkrumah at Nkrumah’s invitation.

King never claimed to be a Marxist but had read some Marx and was fiercely anti-capitalist. According to historian and scholar Stephen B. Oates, during the Christmas holidays of 1949, Dr. King spent his spare time reading Karl Marx.

He “carefully scrutinized” “Das Kapital” and “The Communist Manifesto” and several interpretive studies of Marx and Lenin. Marxism-Leninism clashed with his Christian worldview, however. Oates goes on to say that King “thought Marx correct in much of his criticism in ‘Das Kapital,’ which underscored for King the danger of constructing a system on the sole motive of profit.”

If King were among us today, it is safe to say he would oppose the wars in Yemen, Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan. He probably would attempt to broaden the anti-war movement to take an active role in the wars on the African continent.

We know that he would chastise Western governments for their imperialist role in Haiti and other parts of the Caribbean. It is safe to say that King would be on the side of the movement for reparations.

Remember, he hinted at this in his “I Have a Dream” speech: “It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note, insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked ‘insufficient funds.’”

While King spoke for Africans at home and abroad, he also supported the liberation of all oppressed people. One of my favorite quotes from Dr. King is: “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.”

Dr. King delivered his most famous “I Have a Dream” speech on Aug. 28, 1963, at the March on Washington, D.C. By April 4, 1967, he was singing a different song. Dr. King’s dream moved closer to El-Hajj Malik El Shabazz (Malcolm X’s) nightmare.

Algerian-revolutionary-later-president-Ahmed-Ben-Bella-met-with-Dr.-Martin-Luther-King-1962-196x300, Another look at Martin Luther King Jr., Culture Currents
Ahmed Ben Bella, an Algerian socialist soldier and revolutionary who served as Algeria’s first president, from 1963 to 1965, met with Dr. King for two hours in 1962.

The Nation of Islam’s leader, Minister Louis Farrakhan, was guaranteed a laugh every time he spoke of Dr. Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream” speech. “Don’t you know that a man who has a dream is asleep?” he would say.

The corporate press had frozen Dr. King in 1963. The progressive movements in the United States and around the world, however, have brought to light how King’s position shifted to the left.

By the time of his assassination on April 4, 1968, King was opposing the war in Vietnam and supporting struggling sanitation workers in Memphis, Tennessee. Contrary to popular belief, King was not the first African leader born in America to oppose the war.

Malcolm X was. Malcolm X was followed by the Revolutionary Action Movement (RAM), the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), the Black Panther Party and the Junta of Militant Organizations (JOMO), which spoke out before King.

There are many facts about King’s life that are not widely known to today’s African youth. One example is that he visited Africa before Malcolm X and Elijah Muhammad. Kwame Nkrumah invited King to Ghana’s independence celebration on March 6, 1957. Malcolm X’s first visited Egypt in 1959.

King was light years ahead of his contemporaries on the South African question. It must be understood that the masses of Africans in the Western Hemisphere re-embraced pan-Africanism in the 1970s.

African National Congress President Chief Albert Lutuli won the Noble Peace Prize in 1960, and Dr. King wrote an “Appeal for Action Against Apartheid” in 1962.

In Jamaica, King paid tribute to Marcus Garvey

King had a special relationship with Jamaica. It must never be forgotten that Kingston, Jamaica, and Atlanta, Georgia, were twin cities at one point during the 1960s. Several of his books were written in Jamaica. In 1965, King spoke in Kingston. While in Kingston, he visited Marcus Mosiah Garvey’s grave and paid tribute to the great African nationalist.

My comrade, Milton Blake, former host of the Musical Triangle who joined the ancestors 10 years ago on Oct. 18, 2007, told me that when King spoke in Jamaica he (Blake) was nursing a broken leg. He heard the speech on the radio and later read it in the local press. He memorized the speech and at a CKLN FM 88.1 fundraising drive, he recited some of it for his listeners.

Martin-Luther-King-Stokely-Carmichael-Willie-Mukasa-Ricks, Another look at Martin Luther King Jr., Culture Currents
Dr. King shares a laugh with Stokely Carmichael and Willie “Mukasa” Ricks, who is credited with coining the rallying cry “Black Power.”

Following that address, King dropped in unexpectedly, to the pleasure of all 500 present, at a reception at the home of the director of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The following day, he visited the grave of National Hero Marcus Garvey to lay a wreath out of respect for a man he said gave Africans in the U.S. a sense of dignity, a “sense of personhood, a sense of manhood, a sense of somebodiness.”

King’s relationship with revolutionary Africa has been obscured. He had a two hour meeting with Ahmed Ben Bella in 1962. He wrote an article about it in the Oct. 27, 1962, edition on the New York Amsterdam News. King wrote: “For almost two hours Mr. Ben Bella and I discussed issues ranging from the efficacy of non-violence to the Cuban crisis. However, it was on the question of racial injustice that we spent most of our time.” The Drum Major for Justice was thoroughly impressed with Ben Bella’s knowledge of our struggle in the wilderness of North America. He continued, “As I sat talking with Mr. Ben Bella, he displayed again and again an intimate knowledge of the Negro struggle here in America.”

King was on the right side of history and supported Africans and all oppressed people. Says West: “The radical King was a democratic socialist who sided with poor and working people in the class struggle taking place in capitalist societies. …

“The response of the radical King to our catastrophic moment can be put in one word: revolution – a revolution in our priorities, a re-evaluation of our values, a reinvigoration of our public life, and a fundamental transformation of our way of thinking and living that promotes a transfer of power from oligarchs and plutocrats to everyday people and ordinary citizens. … Could it be that we know so little of the radical King because such courage defies our market-driven world?”

Norman (Otis) Richmond aka Jalali produces Diasporic Music, a radio show for, and writes the column Diasporic Music for the Burning Spear Newspaper monthly. He grew up in Los Angeles, leaving after refusing to fight in Vietnam because he felt that, like the Vietnamese, Africans in the United States were colonial subjects. Moving to Toronto, where he co-founded the Afro American Progressive Association and the Toronto Chapter of the Black Music Association, he won the Toronto Arts Award in 1992. Richmond began his career in journalism at the African Canadian weekly Contrast and went on to be published in the Toronto Star, Toronto Globe & Mail, National Post, the Jackson Advocate, Share, the Islander, the Black American, Pan African News Wire, Black Agenda Report, San Francisco Bay View and, internationally, the United Nations, the Jamaican Gleaner, the Nation (Barbados) and Pambazuka News. Learn more at and email him at